Australian Army

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Australian Army
Australian Army

Australian Army Emblem.JPG
Lineup March 1, 1901
Country AustraliaAustralia Australia
Armed forces Australian Defense Force
Type Armed forces ( army )
Strength 30,235 (active)
16,900 (reservists)
12,496 (standby reserve)
Chief of Army Lieutenant General Angus Campbell
Deputy Chief of Army Major General Gus Gilmore
Commander Forces Command Major General Mick Slater

William Birdwood
John Monash
Harry Chauvel
Brudenell White
Thomas Blamey

Army Aviation cockade
Roundel of Australia - Army Aviation.svg

The Australian Army ( German  Australian Army ) is the land force of the Australian Defense Force .


Compared to other nations of the Commonwealth , the fracture lines run the history of Australian land units less drastic at national events such. B. the independence or the increasing sovereignty of the country, but rather two strategic developments:

From 1901 to 1947 the reserve called the Australian Citizens Military Force , better known as the Citizens Military Force or simply Militia , played an important role, while the Australian Imperial Force explicitly served overseas.

In 1947, a peacetime standing army was established according to modern needs, which undermined the importance of the Citizens Military Force . The CMF was renamed the Army Reserve in 1980 and adapted to the structures of the active force.

Despite multiple involvement in crises and conflicts around the world, Australian territory came under direct attack only during the Second World War .

The Army Aviation did not receive their own transport helicopters until 1989, before they were subordinate to the Air Force.


Australia Land Forces 2012.png


Despite Australia's historical ties to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and other Commonwealth of Nations, the Australian Army has modern equipment from many countries. Australia is currently renewing its helicopter fleet with European models ( Eurocopter Tiger and NH90 ). The Leopard 1 formed the backbone of the Australian armored force (1st Armored Regiment), but has now been replaced by the American M1A1 Abrams. The orderly weapon has been the Steyr AUG since the 1980s and replaces the FN FAL and M16 .


Australian M1A1 Abrams with three-color painting



Combat helicopter Tiger ARH
An Army Aviation CH-47 in Afghanistan
Australian Black Hawk lands on USS Blue Ridge

Status: end of 2013

helicopter origin use version active Ordered Remarks
Bell OH-58B1 Kiowa United StatesUnited States United States Light reconnaissance and combat helicopter
training helicopter
2018 all out of service, was replaced by the Tiger ARH as a combat helicopter
Eurocopter Tiger European UnionEuropean Union European Union Attack helicopter Tiger ARH 22nd
Boeing CH-47 Chinook United StatesUnited States United States Medium-weight transport helicopter CH-47D

The CH-47D is the CH-47F replaced
NHIndustries NH90 European UnionEuropean Union European Union Transport helicopter MRH90 Taipan 47
Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk United StatesUnited States United States Transport helicopter S-70A 34 Is the MRH90 Taipan replaced

The Eurocopter Tigers are to be replaced from around 2020, partly because it became known in 2016 that the operational readiness of the helicopters over the entire past year 2015 was only 3.5 out of 16 helicopters. The investigating Australia National Audit Office found 76 so-called capability deficiencies , of which 60 were classified as "critical".


Web links

Commons : Australian Army  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Push is on to bring out the big guns. The Australian, October 23, 2010, accessed February 10, 2014 . (engl.)
  2. World Air Forces 2014. (PDF; 3.9 MB) In: Flightglobal Insight. 2014, archived from the original on December 25, 2013 ; accessed on March 26, 2014 (English).
  3. ^ Australian Army retires fleet of Bell 206B-1 Kiowa helicopters, Janes, October 22, 2018
  4. Mathew George: Australia receives all MRH-90 Taipan helos. Jane's Information Group , February 19, 2019, accessed February 19, 2019 .
  5. ^ Greg Waldron: Australian government auditor slams Tiger attack helicopter. In: September 2, 2016, accessed September 2, 2016 .