Autobianchi Primula

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Autobianchi Primula
Autobianchi Primula
Production period: 1964-1970
Class : Compact class
Body versions : Limousine , coupé , station wagon
Petrol engines : 1.2–1.4 liters
(43–55 kW)
Length: 3715-3785 mm
Width: 1578 mm
Height: 1350-1400 mm
Wheelbase : 2300 mm
Empty weight : 830-885 kg

The Autobianchi Primula is a compact class model produced from 1964 to 1970 by the Italian car manufacturer Autobianchi , which was part of the Fiat group. The vehicle was designed by Dante Giacosa .

At the Turin Salon in 1964, Autobianchi presented the Primula ( Italian for " Primel ") as the brand's largest model to date and its first with a front-engine and front-wheel drive. It was the first front-wheel drive car from the Fiat group. Your drive concept with unequal length drive shafts has been copied to this day by almost all manufacturers. Transverse engines in which the input shaft of the gearbox was aligned with the crankshaft, i.e. the engine sat next to the gearbox, had been around for a long time (from Saab and Lloyd ), but only with two cylinders. In the British Motor Corporation's front-wheel drive vehicles ( Mini (ADO 15) and ADO 16 ), which had (wider) four-cylinder engines, the gearbox was located in the oil pan and was driven via an additional gear cascade. Giacosa's design did not have this disadvantage. The wheels were hung individually at the front on a transverse leaf spring at the top and wishbones at the bottom. The transverse leaf spring was stored at two points and thus acts as a cross stabilizer. At the rear a rigid axle was built into semi-elliptical leaf springs. There were disc brakes on all wheels.

Two- and four-door hatchback sedans with or without a large tailgate as well as a hatchback coupé developed by Carrozzeria Touring were offered . The 1221 cm³ in-line four-cylinder engine came from the Fiat 1100  D and was replaced in 1968 by the new 1.2-liter engine from the Fiat 124 ; In the coupé, the likewise new 1438 cc four-cylinder engine was now in service. These facelift models were called Primula 65 C (based on engine power) and Primula Coupé S.

The cooling fan was driven by a thermostat-controlled electric motor. The vehicle had a steering wheel shift.

In 1970 the production of the Primula was stopped after almost 75,000 copies. The drive block continued to be used in the Fiat 238 from 1968 and in the Autobianchi A111 from 1969 .

Autobianchi Primula: limousine Coupe Saloon 65 C Coupé S.
Engine: 4-cylinder in-line engine (four-stroke)
Displacement: 1221 cc 1197 cc 1438 cc
Bore × stroke: 72 × 75 mm 73 × 71.5 mm 80 × 71.5 mm
Performance at 1 / min: 43–46 kW
(59–62 SAE hp)
at 5400
49 kW
(65 SAE PS)
at 5600
49 kW
(65 hp SAE)
at 5500
55 kW
(75 SAE PS)
at 5500
Max. Torque at 1 / min: 92-97 SAE-Nm at 3200 97 SAE-Nm at 3200 98 SAE-Nm at 3400 122 SAE-Nm at 2800
Compression: 8.6: 1 8.8: 1 9.3: 1
Mixture preparation: 1 downdraft carburetor Holley 32 IBM 1 downdraft twin carburetor Weber 32 DFB
Valve control: OHV , chain
Cooling: Water cooling
Transmission: 4-speed gearbox, steering wheel shift (Coupé: middle shift), front-wheel drive
Front suspension: Wishbone below, transverse leaf spring above
Rear suspension: Rigid axle, semi-elliptical leaf springs
Brakes: Disc brakes all around (diameter 22.7 cm), brake booster
Steering: Rack and pinion steering
Body: Sheet steel, self-supporting
Track width front / rear: 1330/1290 mm 1340/1300 mm
Wheelbase: 2300 mm
Dimensions: 3785 × 1580 × 1400 (Coupé: 1350) mm
Empty weight: 840-855 kg 830 kg 870-885 kg 860 kg
Top speed: 135-140 km / h 150 km / h 145 km / h 155 km / h
0-100 km / h: 21.3 s not specified
Consumption (liters / 100 kilometers, CUNA norm): 7.5-7.8 S. 7.2 p 8.4 S 8.5 S.
Price (DM):


  • Automobil Revue , catalog numbers 1967, 1969

Individual evidence