Autobianchi A112

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Autobianchi A112E (1969–1973)
Autobianchi A112E (1969–1973)
Production period: 1969-1986
Class : Small car
Body versions : Station wagon
Petrol engines : 0.9–1.05 liters
(28–51 kW)
Length: 3228-3246 mm
Width: 1480-1645 mm
Height: 1160-1360 mm
Wheelbase : 2038 mm
Empty weight : 598-805 kg
Previous model Autobianchi Bianchina
successor Autobianchi Y10

The Autobianchi A112 is a small car from the Italian car brand Autobianchi .


The A112 is a small car that the Fiat Group launched under the Autobianchi brand on October 2, 1969 in Italy and on the German market in spring 1970. In the 17-year construction period, seven series were created, which mainly differ in the shape of the add-on parts (radiator grille, taillights, interior fittings).

With the Series IV, the vehicle began to be marketed outside Italy under the Lancia brand as the Lancia A112 at the end of 1977 . Fiat - as the parent company of both Autobianchi and Lancia - decided in 1975 to put the Autobianchi plant under the direction of Lancia, since most dealers already carried both brands and so the Lancia program could be rounded down. At the time, the A112 was the only remaining Autobianchi model.

After 1,254,381 copies, production was stopped in December 1986.


  • Series I (10.1969 to 01.1973):

Original version with white flashing lights

  • Series II (01.1973 to 12.1975):

Orange turn signals

  • Series III (12.1975 to 11.1977):

Plastic bumpers instead of the previous chrome bumpers

  • Series IV (12.1977 to 01.1979):

Major facelift with redesigned indicators, new front and rear panels, plastic trim for the headlights, radiator grille extended downwards, offset taillights, new bumpers front and rear, angular roof, redesigned dashboard; Versions: Normal, Elegant, Abarth

  • Series V (01.1979 to 01.1982):

Redesigned radiator grille with additional strip and vertical grid. New taillights framed by plastic strips; Versions: Junior, Elegant, Elite, Abarth

  • Series VI (01.1982 to 12.1984):

No additional bar on the grill, higher front and rear bumpers, front indicators in the bumper and new taillights, number plate moved between the taillights; Versions: Junior, Elite, LX, Abarth

  • Series VII (12.1984 to 12.1986):

Cut-outs for the fog lamps in the front bumper, fog lamps only had the Abarth version. Cover between the taillights, license plate recess in the rear bumper; Versions: Junior, Elite, LX, Abarth


The vehicle is powered by a gasoline engine with four cylinders , 903 cm³ or 965 cm³ and 31 kW (39 PS) to 35 kW (48 PS ).

The displacement was increased for the more powerful Abarth models to up to 1049 cm³, the most powerful version developed 51 kW (70 hp).

The technology came from Fiat. The A112 was thus built on a modular basis and was the forerunner of the later Fiat 127 .

The self-supporting body had a tailgate, two doors and five seats.

There were four individually suspended wheels, at the front with MacPherson struts and simple wishbones and stabilizer , at the rear with a transverse two-leaf spring , trapezoidal wishbones and shock absorber struts .

The short wheelbase had the advantage of giving the vehicle agility, but on the other hand the A112 tended to oversteer suddenly - with an otherwise clear tendency to understeer - when braking in fast corners .

Before 1979 the dashboard had large round instruments. The models, with the exception of the A112 Junior, were equipped with a tachometer , the A112 Abarth also had a voltmeter , oil pressure gauge and oil thermometer on the passenger side . The oil pressure meter and the oil thermometer were placed in the completely redesigned dashboard from 1979 in the center console below the heating control. The main instruments were square in the now angular dashboard.

Technical specifications

All engines are based on the engine block of the Fiat 600 with four cylinders, triple-bearing crankshafts, lower camshafts (driven by a timing chain), tappets, bumpers , rocker arms and hanging valves in an aluminum head. The Abarth versions have a bore of 67.2 mm. The cylinder firing order is always: 1-3-2-4.

The 903 cm 3 engine was available for the entire 17-year construction period of the A112.

903 cc

  • Bore / stroke: 65 × 68 mm
  • Power: 38 HP (28 kW) to 49 hp (36 kW) at 5500 min -1
  • Torque: 67 Nm at 2800 min -1
  • Top speed: 130–140 km / h

982 cm³ (A112 Abarth 58 HP)

Autobianchi A112 Abarth Type 1 (1972)
Fittings of the A 112 Abarth Type 2 (1974)
  • Bore / stroke: 65 × 74
  • Compression: 10.1: 1
  • Power: 58 HP (43 kW) at 6600 min -1
  • Torque: 75 Nm at 3800 min -1
  • Top speed: 151 km / h

1049 cm³ (A112 Abarth 70 HP)

  • Bore / stroke: 67.2 * 74
  • Compression: 10.4: 1
  • Power: 70 HP (51 kW) at 6600 min -1
  • Torque: 87 Nm at 4100 min -1
  • Top speed: 161 km / h

1060 cm³ (A112 Abarth 85 HP i.e. (Prototype))

  • Bore / stroke: 67.2 * 76
  • Compression: 11.5: 1
  • Power: 85 HP (63 kW) at 6800 min -1
  • Torque: 94 Nm at 3600 min -1
  • Mechanical injection
  • Top speed: 164–176 km / h (depending on the gear ratio)

The front wheels were driven by a single-disc dry clutch and a fully synchronized four-speed gearbox. From 1978 there were fully synchronized five-speed transmissions for the XL, XEL and Abarth models. A three-speed automatic (from the Fiat 128) was only offered on the Italian market from 1972 to 1974 in the XEL equipment.

Fuel consumption in liters per 100 km according to ECE standard

Junior Elegant XEL Abarth
at 90 km / h 5.9 6.5 5.8 5.3
at 120 km / h 7.6 8.6 7.6 7.8
in city traffic 8.7 8.6 7.6 9.1


  • Length: 3228 mm to 3246 mm
  • Width: 1480 mm to 1645 mm
  • Height: 1160 mm to 1360 mm
  • Wheelbase: 2038 mm
  • Front track: 1250 mm to 1420 mm
  • Rear track: 1224 mm to 1346 mm


  • Empty weight : 598 kg to 780 kg
  • Empty weight ready to drive: 625 kg to 805 kg
  • Permissible total weight: 1240 kg to 1310 kg
  • Trailer load, unbraked: 350 kg, braked: 900 kg to 1200 kg


The Autobianchi A112 has the following security features:


An A112 Abarth 70 HP (5th series) appears in the video game Gran Turismo 4 for the PlayStation 2 from Sony .

Olivier Panis , former Formula 1 driver, mentioned in an interview that his first vehicle was an “Autobianchi Abarth”. Since there is no other “Autobianchi Abarth” than the A112, he obviously meant an A112 Abarth.

In the 1970s, the A112 Abarth 58 HP was used as an emergency vehicle by the Polizia Municipale in Italy.

Web links

Commons : Autobianchi A112  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Olivier Pagès: Olivier Panis: "Mon permis? Je l'ai passé trois fois"! ( Memento of the original from August 13, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. In: , (Interview with Olivier Panis , French). @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /