2488 cm³ 90 ° V8
Alberto Ascari Luigi Musso Juan Manuel Fangio Luigi Villoresi Eugenio Castellotti
|First start:||1954 Spanish Grand Prix|
|Last start:||1957 Italian Grand Prix|
|World Cup points:||k. A. / tba|
|Podiums:||k. A. / tba|
|Leadership laps:||k. A. / tba|
Development history and technology
The D50 was a monoposto with some innovations . It had a 2.5 liter 90 degree V8 engine that developed 260 hp (191 kW). The engine was a supporting part . The front suspension and the transverse bulkhead were connected to the front engine. The laterally offset drive shaft made a low cockpit possible. The outstanding feature of the project lies in the lateral arrangement of the fuel tanks, which were installed in pontoons outside the actual car. Rear tanks were the rule at the time and the axle loads and thus the driving behavior changed with the filling quantity in the tank. This design feature of the D50 had a positive effect on the aerodynamics, as a series of tests in the wind tunnel of the Politecnico di Torino had shown with a 1:10 scale model. Another advantage was the driving stability, which was exceptionally good with full tanks, and had a significantly less negative impact as the tanks were emptied than with the rear-wheel drive cars.
The Formula 1 regulations valid for 1954 provided for a maximum displacement of 2500 cm³ (for naturally aspirated engines ) or 750 cm³ for a supercharged engine (with supercharger) and did not set any weight restrictions. Given that Jano had always favored supercharged engines, it is surprising that the use of a supercharged engine was not even considered on this car. As with the standard Aurelia and the D20 / D23 / D24 "Sport", the clutch / gearbox / differential unit is located at the rear: However, the D50 uses a 5-speed gearbox plus reverse gear, which is remarkably transversely installed.
The D50 made its debut at the 1954 Spanish Grand Prix . Alberto Ascari achieved the best time in practice and started from pole position . He dropped out in the race. In 1955 , Ascari won two Formula 1 races in Italy that were not part of the World Championship early in the season . Ascari was in the lead in Monaco before crashing at the port.
The death of Ascari during a private test drive at the Autodromo Nazionale Monza and problems with the budget prompted Lancia to sell the racing department to Ferrari . The D50 were also sold. The Scuderia put the revised vehicles in the 1956 Formula One season as Ferrari D50 one. Juan Manuel Fangio won his fourth world championship.
Alberto Ascari in the Lancia D50
Complete results of the Formula 1 World Championship
This table lists the complete results of all teams that have used the D50 in all of its evolutionary stages.
|1954||Lancia D50||Lancia DS50 2.5 V8||P||Scuderia Lancia||Alberto Ascari||DNF|
|1955||Lancia D50||Lancia DS50 2.5 V8||P||Scuderia Lancia||Alberto Ascari||DNF||DNF|
|Luigi Villoresi||DNF 1||5|
|Eugenio Castellotti||DNF 1||2||DNF|
|Ferrari D50||Lancia DS50 2.5 V8||E.||Scuderia Ferrari||Giuseppe Farina||DNS|
|1956||Ferrari D50||Ferrari DS50 2.5 V8||P||Scuderia Ferrari||Juan Manuel Fangio||
1 1 /
|2 1 /4 1||DNF||4th||1||1||2 1 /8 1|
|Eugenio Castellotti||DNF||4 1 /
|DNF||2||10 1||DNF 1
|8 1 /
|Luigi Musso||1 1||DNF||DNF 1||DNF|
|Peter Collins||2||1||1||2/ 1
|Alfonso de Portago||DNF||2 1 /
|Wolfgang von Trips||DNS|
|Ferrari DS50 2.5 V8||E.||Scuderia Ferrari||Peter Collins||6 1 /
|Mike Hawthorn||DNF||DNF 1||4th||3||2||6th|
|Wolfgang von Trips||6 1||7 1||3|
|Cesare Perdisa||6 1|
|Alfonso de Portago||5 1|
|José Froilán González||5 1|
1 sharing of points by changing drivers on the same vehicle. (English: "Shared drive")
|green||-||Placement in the points|
|blue||-||Classified outside the point ranks|
|violet||DNF||Race not finished (did not finish)|
|red||DNQ||did not qualify|
|DNPQ||failed in pre-qualification (did not pre-qualify)|
|White||DNS||not at the start (did not start)|
|Light Blue||PO||only participated in the training (practiced only)|
|TD||Friday test driver|
|without||DNP||did not participate in the training (did not practice)|
|INJ||injured or sick|
|DNA||did not arrive|
|no participation in the World Cup|
|other||P / bold||Pole position|
|SR / italic||Fastest race lap|
|*||not at the finish,
but counted due to the distance covered
|underlined||Leader in the overall standings|
- David Hodges: Racing Cars from A to Z after 1945 . Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart 1994, ISBN 3-613-01477-7 .
- Pino Casamassima: Storia della Scuderia Ferrari . Nada Editore, Vimodrome 1998, ISBN 88-7911-179-5 .
- Leonardo Acerbi: 60 years of Ferrari . Heel, Königswinter 2007, ISBN 978-3-89880-815-6 .
- Ultimatecarpage.com articles, pictures and technical information. Retrieved May 23, 2020 (English).
- auto-motor-und-sport.de "The duel of the giants: MERCEDES W196 VS LANCIA D50". Retrieved May 23, 2020.
- The Lancia D50 - Renaissance Man Report with partly original recordings. On YouTube . Retrieved May 23, 2020 (English).
- 1954-56 Lancia D50 F1 GREAT & RAW V8 Sound In Action! Various recordings (mainly Goodwood). On YouTube . Retrieved May 23, 2020.