Lancia Florida

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Lancia Florida 1b12 001.JPG

Lancia Florida I (1956)

Presentation year: 1956/1957
Vehicle fair: Turin Motor Show
Class : Upper class
Body shape : limousine
Engine: Otto engine :
2.3 liters (64 kW)
Production model: Lancia Flaminia

Lancia Florida was the name of two studies based on the Lancia Aurelia , which were built by Lancia in collaboration with Pininfarina . Both were produced in extremely small numbers and are considered masterpieces of Italian automotive design . The sedan and coupe of the Lancia Flaminia were later derived from them.

Florida I

To manufacture the first prototype at Pininfarina, 10 out of 340 Pininfarina employees were employed (presumably under the direction of Francesco Martinengo). On April 2, 1955 Antonio Fessia became the new technical director at Lancia, who initiated further changes to the car. The V6 engine was a development by Francesco de Virgilio. The Florida initially had a conventional rigid DeDion rear axle .

The first Florida was completed in September 1955. In the Lancia tradition, it had four doors opening in opposite directions and no B-pillar . In addition to the sedan, a little-known coupé was also produced; it was one of the first cars to carry the Lancia crest-shaped logo.

Florida II

The Florida II was a two-door coupe with frameless windows on the doors. It didn't have a B-pillar. A vehicle was also built with three doors, with the additional door on the driver's side. Its V6 engine with 2266 cm 3 made 87 hp (64 kW) at 4800 revolutions per minute. In addition, two right-hand drive models with four doors were made.

This was also the only vehicle that Pininfarina used regularly until his death in April 1966 and would be "the only one to take to heaven".

The production vehicle of the Lancia Flaminia Coupé was similar to the Florida II, but had a B-pillar and was significantly shorter. As a study with frameless windows and a long rear, the Florida II thus influenced the characteristics of the much later coupé and can be considered its forerunner (such as the coupe variants of the Mercedes-Benz W 124 or the Lancia Kappa ). Bruno Sacco described the Florida II as one of the cars he would have liked to have designed. The doors that open in opposite directions and the absence of the B-pillar can be found in the 1997 Lancia Dialogos study .

Lancia Flaminia

The production car made its debut at the Geneva Motor Show in 1957 as the Lancia Flaminia and also had a gearbox and differential on the rear axle for better weight distribution ( transaxle design). The windows got frames again, and the vehicle was much shorter. A B-pillar was also used, although older Lancia models could do without.

There were different body variants of the vehicle: first appeared as a sedan, followed in the spring of 1958 by a coupé and a year later a coupé and a convertible were added, which were manufactured by Carrozzeria Touring and carried the addition of GT. Even more exclusive was the Zagato Sport , also introduced in 1959, designed and manufactured by Zagato .

Web links

Commons : Lancia Florida  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files