Fiat 600 (1959)
|Class :||Small car , minivan|
|Body versions :||limousine|
Petrol engines : 0.63-0.77 liters
|Wheelbase :||2000-2200 mm|
|Empty weight :||577-750 kg|
|Previous model||500 topolinos|
Along with its little brother, the Fiat Nuova 500, it was the first of the egg-shaped models from the Fiat concern. The aim was to use as little sheet metal as possible, which was still scarce and expensive in Italy at the time . Equipped with rear-wheel drive and a newly designed rear engine, the 600 was a kind of family car at the time, because at just 3.29 m in length and 1.40 m in width it could carry four people.
Initially 633 cc and 23 hp from a water-cooled four-cylinder in-line engine, the 600 reached almost 110 km / h, with which one could reliably cover long distances.
In 1956, the first Fiat 600 Multipla designed by Dante Giacosa came onto the market, a four-door six-seater, the front of which had been lengthened and enlarged. It was one of the first cars with a forward control design . In addition to the six-seater version, there was a small camping bus that could carry four to five people, as well as a special taxi variant .
The Carrozzeria Savio produced the Fiat 600 Savio Jungla from 1965 to 1975 - a small, open fun car that was built in a total of around 3200 copies.
In Spain , a four-door model appeared as the Seat 800 , which was built in Barcelona from 1963 to 1967 . Almost 18,000 vehicles were produced during this period, many of which were used as taxis. The Seat 800 is 30 cm longer than the basic Seat 770 , but was also equipped with its 767 cm³ engine.
In Argentina, the 600 was offered by Sevel Argentina .
The Fiat 600 served as a model for the Soviet SAS-965 "Saporoshez" .
The success of the 600 meant that it was also built in Spain as the Seat 600 ( Seiscientos ), in Yugoslavia as the Zastava 750 (nickname: Fićo ) and in Germany as the NSU Fiat Jagst with a fabric sliding roof. This version was also built by "Neckar-Automobilwerke AG" (formerly " NSU-Fiat " and "Neckar Automobil AG") in Heilbronn for export. In the 1960s there were several revisions in which the front and rear sections were changed, above all the doors hinged at the front instead of the rear and the engine was enlarged to 770 cm³. After the introduction of the Fiat 850 (1964), the 600 led more and more of a shadowy existence, wedged between Fiat 500 and Fiat 850, its sales figures shrank. Its production in Italy was discontinued in 1969, but persistently there was a German fan base until the 1970s who kept ordering, first the "770 Jagst" and then the "Jagst 2", most recently the Fiat 770 S offered in Germany Seat, which according to the vehicle documents was built by Seat in Barcelona .
In Germany, the Fiat 770 was only finally taken off the market after production in Spain ceased in 1973. The Zastava lived much longer , most recently with the engine enlarged to 850 cm³. The Zastava 850 is a Fiat 600 with an 850 cc engine, not a Yugoslav version of the (larger and more modern) Fiat 850. It was not until 1985 that production of the car was finally stopped. The cheapest model in Yugoslavia was henceforth the Zastava Yugo .
In 1998 the Fiat Seicento appeared , which has revived the name of the traditional car, but is a different, more modern design with front-wheel drive.
Uruguayan Fiat 600 S
|Technical data Fiat 600|
|Fiat 600:||633 cm 3||600 D||Seat 800||600 p||Multipla||600 D multipla|
|Engine:||4-cylinder in-line engine (four-stroke)|
|Displacement:||633 cc||767 cc||843 cc||633 cc||767 cc|
|Bore × stroke:||60 × 56 mm||62 × 63.5 mm||65 × 63.5 mm||60 × 56 mm||62 × 63.5 mm|
|Performance at 1 / min:||16 kW
(21.5 PS according to DIN )
(32 SAE PS ) at 4800
(32 PS according to DIN)
for the 4600
(32 SAE PS) at 4800
|Max. Torque at 1 / min:||45 Nm at 3250||56 Nm at 2800||51 Nm at 3000||45 Nm at 3250||56 Nm at 2800|
|Compression:||7.5: 1||7.4: 1||7.5: 1|
|Mixture preparation:||1 downdraft carburetor
Weber 26 IM
downdraft carburetor Weber 28 PIB3
Bressel / Galileo 28 CP 10 downdraft carburetor
|1 downdraft carburetor
Weber 26 IM
downdraft carburetor Weber 28 PIB3
|Valve control:||hanging valves , side camshaft, chain|
|Transmission:||4-speed gearbox, stick shift|
|Front suspension:||Transverse leaf spring below, wishbone above||two triangular links of unequal length each, coil springs|
|Rear suspension:||Trailing arm axle and coil springs|
|Brakes:||Four wheel drum brakes|
|Steering:||Auger segment steering|
|Body:||Sheet steel, self-supporting|
|Track width front / rear:||1150/1160 mm||1230/1157 mm|
|Wheelbase:||2000 mm||2180 mm||2000 mm||2200 mm|
|Dimensions:||3285 × 1380 × 1345 mm||3475 × 1380 × 1350 mm||3355 × 1380 × 1405 mm||3535 × 1450 × 1520 mm|
|Empty weight:||577 kg||615 kg||635 kg||625 kg||720 kg||750 kg|
|Top speed:||100 km / h||110 km / h||95 km / h||105 km / h|
|0-100 km / h:||not specified|
|Consumption (liters / 100 kilometers, CUNA norm):||5-7 N.||5.8 N||6.5 N||5.8 N||6-8 N.||6.85 N|
- A powerful small car. In: Motor Vehicle Technology 11/1955, pp. 394–396.
- Fiat 600 Multipla - a small car for versatile use. In: Motor Vehicle Technology 9/1956, pp. 340–342.
- Automobile revue. Catalog numbers 1960, 1965, 1967 (for technical data)
- Oldtimer Praxis, November 2008 edition, p. 29.
- Volksfiatowitsch . In: Der Spiegel . No. 30 , 1960 ( online - July 20, 1960 , via the first model from Saporoshez).
- "From 1959 NSU-Fiat traded as" Neckar Automobil AG ", in export also as" Neckar Automobilwerke AG "." In: zuckerfabrik24
- Annamaria Lösch (Ed.): World Cars 1982. L'Editrice dell'Automobile LEA / Herald Books, Pelham, NY 1982, ISBN 0-910714-14-2 , p. 260.
- Gebauer / Buck: The chassis of the passenger car. Chr.Belser Verlag, Stuttgart 1956, p. 261 ff.