Fiat Cinquecento (front view)
|Body versions :||Station wagon|
Otto engines :
|Wheelbase :||2200 mm|
|Empty weight :||675-727 kg|
|Previous model||Fiat 126|
After more than twenty years, Fiat built another “500” between the end of 1991 and the spring of 1998. This Cinquecento (Italian for five hundred) had nothing in common with its legendary predecessor apart from the name written out as a word. Its engines with 0.7, 0.9 and 1.1 liters and a current of Ermanno Cressoni and Fiat's Centro Stile developed design impressed a car with a distinctive image. The trunk of the smallest Fiat has a capacity of 170 liters, with the rear seat bench folded down, the storage space can be increased to 810 liters. The successor was the Seicento (600), which is technically based on its predecessor Cinquecento.
For the German market, the Fiat Cinquecento, which the Tychy plant ( Poland ) produced and of which over a million units rolled off the assembly line, was offered in several versions.
Cinquecento 700 cc
Chassis numbers: 170AA43A & 170AD43B
This variant of the small Fiat is the oldest. It was built in Poland from the end of 1991. It was called Cinquecento ED or Young. It was to be the successor to the Fiat 126p , which was widely used in Poland , so attempts were made to produce the car as cheaply as possible. The equipment is quite meager compared to the other models. Depending on the version, the rear windows cannot be opened and there is no rear window wiper. Instead of wheel covers, there are only small hubcaps.
Two two-cylinder in-line engines with a displacement of 704 cm³ were available for the vehicle:
- with carburetor (FOS Lodz or Weber) with type number 170A.000 without catalytic converter 23 kW (31 PS)
- with carburettor and electronic control (Aisan) with type number 170A.046 with catalytic converter 22 kW (30 PS)
These engines come from the Fiat 126 BIS . They are installed lengthways and horizontally. The transmission in both variants has four gears.
The Cinquecento ED with 703 cm³ was produced from December 1991 to October 1998 and was mainly intended for the Polish domestic market, but was also offered in Italy. It was not available from Fiat on the German market.
Cinquecento 903 cc
Chassis numbers 170AB53A & 170AC53A
This variant of the car was only offered in Poland between 1992 and 1993. The vehicle has the same equipment as the later standard version with the 899 cm³ engine.
A transversely installed inline four-cylinder engine with 903 cm³ displacement and 30 kW (41 hp) serves as the drive . It was derived from the engine of the Fiat 600 and used in the Fiat 127 , among others . It is combined with a five-speed manual transmission.
The 903 cm³ model is available in two versions. The first has no catalytic converter and a Weber carburetor instead of an injection system . From October 1991 this version was only produced for the Polish market. It can be recognized by the engine type 170A1-000 with an output of 30 kW (41 PS ).
The second 903 cm³ model was manufactured from July 1991 and has the engine number 170A1-046 with an output of 29 kW (39 hp). The car is equipped with a single point injection system (SPI) of the Weber IAW 06F type, and it also has a catalytic converter.
The two versions of the car were produced until May 1993. In the same year sales outside Poland started. Starting with chassis number 00164231 , the displacement was reduced from 903 cm³ to 899 cm³ in order to give the car tax advantages. The engine number was used on 1170A1-00 instead of 170A1-00 for the carburettor engine and 1170A1-046 instead of 170A1-046 for the SPI engine.
Models offered in Germany
Cinquecento 0.9 i. e.
The standard version of the vehicle is powered by a transversely installed inline four-cylinder engine with a displacement of 899 cm³ (engine type 1170A1.046 ). This has an output of 29 kW (39 hp) and achieves a maximum torque of 65 Nm at 3,000 rpm . A five-speed manual gearbox serves as the translation. The drive is transmitted to the front wheels.
It accelerates from standstill to 100 km / h in 18 seconds, the maximum speed is 140 km / h and can be reached at 5,500 rpm in fourth gear. Combined consumption is 6.1 l according to 93/116 / EC (super unleaded). The 899 cm³ engine complies with the Euro 1 emissions standard and is supplied by a single-point fuel injection. From 1995 onwards, the Euro 2 standard is met.
The 899 cm³ engine unit is derived from the 903 cm³ engine of the 850 Coupé and 127, but unlike its predecessors, it has hydraulic valve lifters.
The equipment was largely based on the ED version. The vehicles were fitted with unpainted bumpers and exterior mirrors with black plastic housings. In addition, full wheel covers were installed instead of the wheel hub caps. The main differences in the equipment between the ED and the variant available in Germany are hinged rear side windows, a lockable fuel cap and a rear window wiper with washer, as well as the 5-speed gearbox. The vehicles for the German market were also given two instead of one exterior mirror, which, contrary to the ED version, could also be adjusted from the inside. Due to the legal requirements in the Federal Republic of Germany, the headlights could be adjusted from the interior (the hydraulic technology used is prone to errors and a typical reason why older models failed during the main inspection ). An adjustable sun canopy and power windows were available as options.
At the end of 1994, Fiat made various changes to the car. The instruments such as the speedometer have been redesigned. The mostly black dashboard turned gray in parts. The switches have been illuminated since then. The pattern of the seats and door panels was also changed. A (mechanically triggered) airbag became available for various markets. The pitman arms were reduced from three to two and the light switch moved from the control panel to the right pitman arm. The only engine-related change was the conversion of the car to the Euro 2 emissions standard.
In the exterior view, the first thing that changed was the tank cap, which now disappeared under a flap. Later, the design of the hubcaps was changed and the stone chipping corners in front of the rear wheels were no longer up to the level of the rear bumper, but only up to the level of the bead in the bumper.
Cinquecento 0.9 ieS
It was the following equipment on the base model and is powered by the same 0.9-ie engine. The engine is classified according to the D3 standard.
In addition to the standard version, the Cinquecento 0.9 ieS was equipped ex works with heat-insulating glazing, digital clock and mechanical remote unlocking for the tailgate.
Cinquecento 0.9 i. e. SX
The SX version, also powered by the 0.9-liter engine, was also equipped with electric window lifters , side protection strips, bumpers painted in body color, monochrome taillights, white indicators and a center console. Central locking , a glass / tilting roof, metallic paintwork and an asymmetrically divided rear seat bench were available on request .
Cinquecento Suite 0.9 i. e.
This version of the small Fiat was aimed at comfort and was equipped with air conditioning , electric front windows and central locking as standard . The 0.9-liter engine also served as the drive .
This version based on the SX version is powered by the well-known 0.9-liter engine and has an electric Webasto folding sunroof (which gives it its name) . The double-layer folding sunroof reveals an opening 1.08 meters long and 0.79 meters wide; it is made of resistant PVC . A wind deflector slows down the direct draft when the roof is open, and an aluminum frame ensures the necessary strength of the body.
The Sporting is powered by a 1.1-liter in-line four-cylinder engine with an injection system that develops 40 kW (54 hp) at 5,500 rpm and achieves a maximum torque of 86 Nm at 3,250 rpm. This means that the 725 kilogram car can reach 100 km / h from standstill in 12.8 seconds and has a top speed of 150 km / h (consumption according to 93/116 / EC 6.2 l super combined). Depending on the year of manufacture, the 1.1-liter engine complies with the emission standard E2 or D3 / Euro 2.
With a lowered body, harder tuned shock absorbers and a stabilizer on the front axle , the chassis of the car produced in Poland was adapted to the higher engine power. The Sporting is equipped with sports seats, a leather steering wheel, light alloy wheels with wide tires of size 165/55 R 13 S, red seat belts and a rev counter. The error-prone hydraulic headlight range control was replaced by an electric one.
For the Sporting there was also the Abarth equipment line as a special accessory with modified front and rear aprons, side skirts, rear spoiler , aluminum wheels, sports suspension from Eibach and Abarth seat covers.
For the basis of the Cinquecento Sporting (1,108 cm³), the tuning companies Novitec , Hörmann , G-Tech and Merkur Turbo conversion kits with road approval, which accelerate the small Cinquecento to 100 km / h in 7.9 s. With the appropriate gear set-up, the 200 km / h limit is no longer an obstacle for the Cinquecento. The achievable output for these conversion kits is given as 74 kW (101 PS), a few Novitec versions even had 82 kW (111 PS). The number of appropriately converted cars is likely to be less than 1,000.