Bear Slayer Order
The Bear Slayer Order ( Lat. Lāčplēša Kara ordenis = Lāčplēsis War Order) is the first military order of merit of the sovereign Republic of Latvia .
The order is named after the Latvian national epic Lāčplēsis (Bär [en] teardrop, often incorrectly translated as " bear killer ") by Andrejs Pumpurs . The first award of the three-tier medal took place on November 11, 1920, the last on November 11, 1928. Among the eleven first class winners in the eight-year history of the medal were the Polish Marshal Józef Piłsudski , the Italian King Victor Emanuel III . , Benito Mussolini and the Belgian King Albert I. 61 people received the order of second class (18 Latvians, 43 foreigners) and 2,072 people received the order of third class (1,600 soldiers of the national army, 202 Latvian veterans, 271 foreigners).
- Dietrich André Loeber: German-Baltic bearer of the Latvian military order "Lāčplēsis" . With family history additions by Heinrich Meyer-Eltz, Baltische Anhnen- und Stammtafeln, special issue, 21, v. Pantzer, Hamburg 1999, ISSN 0721-202X
- Ērichs Ēriks Priedītis: Latvijas Valsts apbalvojumi un Lāčplēši = Latvian national decorations and holders of the Military Order "Lāčplēsis" . Rīga 1996, ISBN 9984-01-020-1
To the Lāčplēsis order
- Lacplesis Military Order, on the official website of the Latvian President
- Orders, Decorations and Medals, Latvia ( Memento from March 22, 2005 in the Internet Archive )
- Lkok Lāčplēša kaŗa ordeņa kavalieŗi