Building biology

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Building biology is a collective term for the comprehensive teaching of the relationship between man and his built environment, but also the environmentally friendly and pollutant-minimized execution of buildings through the use of appropriate knowledge and techniques.

The goal of "healthy and sustainable building and living" is to be achieved through the holistic consideration of physiological, psychological, architectural and physical-technical relationships and the interaction between the building, user (residents) and its environment . In addition to the renovation and construction of apartments , building biological principles are also used in buildings with high hygienic requirements such as school buildings, hospitals and kindergartens and buildings with long periods of residence by users such as offices.


The doctor Hubert Palm , who became famous with numerous lectures in the 1960s , is considered the founder of building biology in Germany, a forerunner of ecological building . His book The Healthy House is a fundamental work on building biology. Pioneering projects and the first groups of architects in building biology emerged in the early 1970s, especially in southern Germany, including the Institute for Building Biology (IBN) in Rosenheim and the Bund für Architektur & Baubiologie (BAB), the forerunner of the Bund Architektur & Umwelt (BAU) in Germany . Publications by Anton Schneider were important for the breakthrough in building biology .

Swiss supporters of this structural orientation founded the Swiss Institute for Building Biology (SIB) in 1977. When this institute had to be abandoned for financial reasons, the Swiss Association for Building Biology (SIB) emerged, which was renamed Baubioswiss in 2016.


Building biologists deal with the living and working environment of people. Her field of activity ranges from advice on healthy sleeping and living, the construction and renovation of buildings and apartments, through the targeted analysis of stressful spatial factors, to the dissemination of building biology knowledge through lectures, seminars, specialist literature and congresses.

Building biology measurement technicians carry out studies on verifiably harmful factors such as pollutants and mold, often also on physical quantities such as electrical and magnetic alternating fields and electromagnetic waves in the context of electromagnetic environmental compatibility or noise. Indoor factors can put people under different health conditions depending on their personal constitution and previous exposure.

Another aim of building biology is to conserve natural resources and promote responsible use of nature.

Building biology is developing internationally. Training and further education opportunities exist u. a. already in America, England, Spain, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands and Switzerland.

education and profession


In Germany, anyone can use the designation building biologist regardless of their training or relevant practical experience. There are training courses for building biologists in various countries, which are offered by private institutes or associations. The course contents of the training institutes are only partially comparable.

Building biology services are often offered as an additional qualification:

  • in the construction sector by architects, civil engineers and building craftsmen
  • in electrical engineering by electrical engineers and electricians
  • in health care with doctors, naturopaths
  • in research (chemistry, biology, physics)

Some dowsers , commuters and other supporters of para-sciences also refer to themselves as building biologists. Serious providers work with scientifically recognized and reproducible measurement methods and prove their expertise through continuous training.

In Germany u. a. the Institute for Building Biology + Sustainability IBN has been offering the state-approved building biology distance learning course since 1977, and as an online course since the beginning of 2015.


In Switzerland, there has been training with a federally recognized certificate from the Swiss Institute for Building Biology SIB since 1992. After the bankruptcy of the SIB, the training will be continued by the Cooperative Educational Center for Building Biology as part-time modular training on the subject of building biology, but until 2011 without state approval of its final examination. Since 2011, graduates of this course can again take a federal higher professional examination.


In the Netherlands, the training offered by the independent Bouwbiologie Benelux Institute is recognized as further training by the Dutch Chamber of Architects. The training to become a Bouwbioloog / Bouwbiologist IBB takes place both online and offline and is concluded with a theory and practical test. The qualification entitles to membership in the professional association Bouwbiologie Benelux BBB.

See also


  • Hubert Palm: "The healthy house". Our next environmental protection. The biological building regulations in the Architectura perennis. Reichel, Kreuzlingen / Ordo, Konstanz 1979, 10th edition 1992, ISBN 978-3-87667-031-7 (Reichel) / ISBN 3-907213-03-3 (Ordo).
  • Wolfgang Maes: Stress from electricity and radiation . Institute for Building Biology and Ecology IBN, Neubeu 2005, ISBN 3-923531-22-2 .
  • Ed. P. Bachmann, M. Lange: Build healthily with safety: facts, arguments and strategies for healthy building, modernization and living ; Springer Vieweg, 2nd edition 2013 ISBN 978-3-8348-2523-0

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Specialists in the third skin. Retrieved October 3, 2017 .
  2. Baubioswiss: Statutes. Retrieved October 3, 2017 .