Population of Malta

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The population of Malta is around 449,000 (as of July 2018) .

Population density

Since the area of ​​Malta is relatively small, there is a very high population density of around 1298 inhabitants per square kilometer. This means that Malta has the fifth highest population density in the world and the third highest in Europe. An estimated 94% of the people live in cities, only 6% live in the countryside. The population growth of Malta is about 0.31% per year.

Gozo has about 30,000 inhabitants, Comino has five permanent residents. In the summer, Comino is also home to a couple who lease the hotel complex, a police officer and a few farmers, and during the season there are also tourists who love seclusion.

Population development 1842–2011

Population pyramid Malta 2016

The population of Malta and Gozo developed as follows from 1842 to 2011:

year Malta Gozo and Comino Total population
1842 101,513 14,416 115,929
1851 108,833 14,663 123.496
1861 118,596 15,459 134.055
1871 124.384 17,391 141,775
1881 132.129 17,653 149,782
1891 146.484 18,553 165.037
1901 164,952 19,790 184,742
1911 188,869 22,695 211,564
1921 189,697 22,561 212.258
1931 217.784 23,837 241,621
1948 278.311 27,680 305.991
1957 292.019 27.601 319,620
1967 288.238 25,978 314.216
1985 319.736 25,682 345,418
1995 349.106 29,026 378.132
2005 373.955 31,007 404.962
2011 386.057 31,375 417,432

Population structure

The Maltese population is very mixed and can be traced back to different waves of immigration. After immigrants of hardly definable origin in prehistoric times, Phoenicians , Greeks , Romans , Arabs , Sicilians and Normans settled the archipelago. However, all of these immigrants merged into a fairly homogeneous population over the course of the Middle Ages . Approximately 1.8% of the people living in Malta are of other nationalities, this population consists mainly of British , Arabs, Italians , Indians , Syrians , Germans and Greeks. But over 400,000 Maltese also live abroad (mostly in Great Britain or Italy).

The Maltese language

Main article: Maltese language

The Maltese language originated from a Maghreb dialect of Arabic . So it is a Semitic language . However, due to the waves of immigration already mentioned, it is interspersed with many foreign words, especially words from Italian . In Europe , Malta is a specialty, as most of the languages ​​in Europe are of Indo-European origin. So it is that the Catholic Maltese pray to Allah . Furthermore, almost every Maltese also speaks English , a legacy from the British colonial era , which only ended in 1964. It should be noted, however, that the Maltese can talk to each other in their own language, Maltese, and that they too have to learn English as a foreign language.

Maltese everyday life

Like the inhabitants of the other Mediterranean countries, most Maltese have siesta in the afternoon due to the heat . This begins after lunch and lasts two to three hours. During this time, the majority of shops will be closed. After dinner, the locals usually take an evening stroll.


The attitude towards clothing is less liberal than in other European countries due to the strong Catholic character. Bathing or sunbathing without clothes is prohibited by law. As in most Catholic countries, wearing miniskirts , shorts, or off-the-shoulder clothing in churches is offensive.

Pictures of Maltese

Individual evidence

  1. a b The CIA World Factbook.Retrieved November 15, 2019
  2. Distribution of Population by Region: Census Years 1842–2011. (PDF, 150 kB) In: News Release. National Statistics Office - Malta, September 16, 2014, accessed November 23, 2016 .