British Antarctic Survey

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BAS headquarters in Cambridge

The British Antarctic Survey (BAS) is the polar research program of the United Kingdom . Besides the French Polar Institute Paul Emile Victor (IPEV), it maintains the largest network of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic research stations of all European countries .

One of the outstanding results of the research is the discovery was made in 1985 of the ozone hole from the Brunt Ice Shelf lies Halley Station , which located optimal true for geoscience space exploration. In June 2019 the first printed topographical map of the European Arctic and the island of Greenland (1: 4,000,000) was published; it is based on computer calculations and shows all topographical objects and the current ice edges that can be determined by satellite photos.

In addition to the Halley station, the BAS operates the year-round manned stations Rothera on Adelaide Island , King Edward Point on South Georgia and Bird Island (also South Georgia) as well as the stations Fossil Bluff on Alexander I Island , Sky, which are only manned in southern summer Blu in Palmerland and the Signy Station in the South Orkney Islands . It also maintains the two research vessels RRS Ernest Shackleton and RRS James Clark Ross to supply the stations .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Joe C. Farman et al .: Large losses of total ozone in Antarctica reveal seasonal ClOx / NOx interaction. In: Nature . Volume 315, No. 6016, 1985, pp. 207-210, doi: 10.1038 / 315207a0 .