Haifa Bay is the only major interruption of the Israeli coastline, which is otherwise very even. It is created by the fact that the Carmel Mountains in the Carmel Cape protrude to the northwest at the southern end . In the north, the bay is also protected by a small peninsula on which the city of Akko is located. The bay, which is open to the west, measures about 12 kilometers in north-south direction; the main tributary is the Kishon .
In the past, the bay was particularly important for shipping because there were no natural harbors in the area except on the Carmel coast near Dor and further north near Achsiv . The most important port was Akko for about 3000 years , Haifa only became more important from the 19th century (among other things after targeted expansion).
The areas around the bay were sparsely populated for a long time due to extensive swamps. Today, Haifa Bay is surrounded by industrial facilities and settlements. The city band now connects Akko and Haifa without major gaps.