Kishon (river)

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location Israel
River system Kishon
source northeast of the mountains of Gilboa
muzzle in the bay of Haifa , Mediterranean Coordinates: 32 ° 48 ′ 52 "  N , 35 ° 1 ′ 34"  E 32 ° 48 ′ 52 "  N , 35 ° 1 ′ 34"  E
Mouth height m

Kishon near Haifa

Kishon near Haifa

The Kishon or Kishon ( Hebrew קישון) is a river in northern Israel . It rises northeast of the mountains of Gilboa , drains the Jezreel plain , then flows in a north-westerly direction along the east side of the Carmel Mountains and flows into the Mediterranean Sea near Haifa in the bay of the same name .

In its upper reaches the Kishon dries up during the summer, while in the lower reaches it carries water all year round; This  makes it - like the Yarkon - one of the few rivers in Israel that carry water all year round. With a length of 70 kilometers, the Kishon is a rather short river, but it still has a comparatively large catchment area and causes frequent floods. In the past, there was an extensive swamp in its estuary , which made settlement difficult for a long time.

The Kishon is considered to be one of the most polluted rivers in Israel. In the area of ​​the Bay of Haifa there are many industrial companies (especially the chemical industry ) that discharge large amounts of wastewater into the river.

Biblical mentions

In the Bible, the flow is related to two events:

Literary mentions

  • In the satire About the handling of computers by Ephraim Kishon , the latter fights against a tax warning for repair work (in a port) that was allegedly carried out on him - the financial computer in Jerusalem apparently considers the author to be the river of the same name.


Web links

Commons : Kishon (river)  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Cleaning up the Kishon River . Ministry of the Environment (Israel) . Retrieved July 19, 2011: "The 70-kilometer long river, which drains an area of ​​1100 square kilometers, starts in the Gilboa mountains, flows through the Jezreel Valley and empties into the sea at Haifa."
  2. ^ Hilary Andersson: The Holy Land's poisonous river . In: BBC News Online . September 25, 2000. Retrieved August 28, 2007.
  4. The Great Handbook to the Bible: The Unique Guide to the Books of the Bible . P. 241,
  5. History of the Jewish People . P. 75,