|source||northeast of the mountains of Gilboa|
|muzzle||in the bay of Haifa , Mediterranean Coordinates: 32 ° 48 ′ 52 " N , 35 ° 1 ′ 34" E 32 ° 48 ′ 52 " N , 35 ° 1 ′ 34" E
Kishon near Haifa
The Kishon or Kishon ( Hebrew קישון) is a river in northern Israel . It rises northeast of the mountains of Gilboa , drains the Jezreel plain , then flows in a north-westerly direction along the east side of the Carmel Mountains and flows into the Mediterranean Sea near Haifa in the bay of the same name .
In its upper reaches the Kishon dries up during the summer, while in the lower reaches it carries water all year round; This makes it - like the Yarkon - one of the few rivers in Israel that carry water all year round. With a length of 70 kilometers, the Kishon is a rather short river, but it still has a comparatively large catchment area and causes frequent floods. In the past, there was an extensive swamp in its estuary , which made settlement difficult for a long time.
The Kishon is considered to be one of the most polluted rivers in Israel. In the area of the Bay of Haifa there are many industrial companies (especially the chemical industry ) that discharge large amounts of wastewater into the river.
In the Bible, the flow is related to two events:
- According to the 1st book of kings , the prophet Elijah is said to have killed the priests of Baal at the "Bach Kishon" after the divine decision on Mount Carmel ( 1 Kings 18.40 EU ).
- A great battle between the Israelites, led by Debora and Barak , and the Canaanites is said to have taken place at Kishon as early as the time of the judges . The Israelites are said to have come to the aid of the flood of Kishon, in which the Canaanite chariots are said to have got stuck ( Ri 4 EU ; 5 EU ). Psalm 83.10 EU also refers to this .
- In the satire About the handling of computers by Ephraim Kishon , the latter fights against a tax warning for repair work (in a port) that was allegedly carried out on him - the financial computer in Jerusalem apparently considers the author to be the river of the same name.
- Nanthawan Avishai, Claudette Rabinowitz, Elisabeth Moiseeva, Baruch Rinkevich: Genotoxicity of the Kishon River, Israel: the application of an in vitro cellular assay. In: Mutation Research , 2002, 518 (1), pp. 21-37, doi: 10.1016 / S1383-5718 (02) 00069-4
- Erasmus Gass : Kishon. In: Michaela Bauks, Klaus Koenen, Stefan Alkier (Eds.): The Scientific Biblical Lexicon on the Internet (WiBiLex), Stuttgart 2006 ff.
- ^ Cleaning up the Kishon River . Ministry of the Environment (Israel) . Retrieved July 19, 2011: "The 70-kilometer long river, which drains an area of 1100 square kilometers, starts in the Gilboa mountains, flows through the Jezreel Valley and empties into the sea at Haifa."
- ^ Hilary Andersson: The Holy Land's poisonous river . In: BBC News Online . September 25, 2000. Retrieved August 28, 2007.
- ↑ books.google.de
- ↑ The Great Handbook to the Bible: The Unique Guide to the Books of the Bible . P. 241, books.google.de
- ↑ History of the Jewish People . P. 75, books.google.de