Federal grain reserve
The Federal Grain Reserve of the Federal Republic of Germany includes storage of bread grain ( wheat and rye ) and oats . These emergency stocks of basic food are used in crisis situations to supply the population with flour and bread ( services of general interest ). Further food is stored in the civil emergency reserve .
After about ten years, the grain stocks are sold through public tenders and replaced with fresh grain. The condition of the warehouse (cleanliness, structural defects, keeping the goods healthy) is checked every four to six weeks by representatives of the BLE.
For short transport routes in the event of a crisis, these stocks are located near industrial grain mills . One of the main locations for grain storage in North Rhine-Westphalia is in Neuss and is managed by the Fortin company.
The Federal Agency for Agriculture and Food is responsible for purchasing, stocking and controlling the national crisis stocks in terms of food .
Supply of the population
On the page for frequently asked questions, the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture provides information about supplying the population in an emergency:
“Crisis stockpiling in the food sector is not based on the approach of ensuring full supplies for the almost 82 million citizens living in the Federal Republic of Germany over a longer period of time. The state emergency reserves in the food sector in Germany are intended to help bridge short-term bottlenecks in supplying the population. Depending on how many people to be fed and what daily ration per person is required, the stocks range from a few days to several weeks, depending on the stored product. "
Since the supply depends on many different factors (type of emergency, which regions are affected, which food is needed ...), the exact period cannot be narrowed down. The legal basis is the Food Security and Prevention Act .
- Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture :. Retrieved March 21, 2020 .
- Secret grain storage: In an emergency there are peas - Background - Politics - FAZ.NET . Retrieved June 27, 2010.
- State provision - Frequently asked questions , on ernaehrungsvorsorge.de, accessed on February 28, 2017