Civil emergency reserve
The civil emergency reserve of the Federal Republic of Germany serves to supply the population with basic food in the event of a crisis . This emergency supply is intended to enable a daily meal during short-term bottlenecks of up to several weeks.
As a rule, the food industry does not have large stocks; on the other hand, agricultural products cannot be produced “on the fly”. The civil emergency reserve includes storage of long and short grain rice as well as peas and lentils . Condensed milk and whole milk powder are also available . There is also the Federal Grain Reserve , which consists of wheat, rye and oats and is intended to maintain the supply of flour and bread in an emergency. To protect against looting in the event of a crisis, the locations in Germany are secret.
In both reserves, around 800,000 tonnes of food (approx. 9.7 kg / German citizen) are stored at around 150 locations. In the event of a crisis, the population in metropolitan areas in particular should be provided with at least one daily meal via communal catering facilities. The food in both reserves together is worth around 200 million euros.
The Federal Agency for Agriculture and Food (BLE) is responsible for storing and keeping the stocks healthy . The BLE also maintains the federal grain reserve. In the federal budget for 2013, the expected costs of the civil emergency reserve and the federal grain reserve were shown at a total of 15.45 million euros - two thirds of this for storage.
In 1999, supplies were used in Kosovo when many refugees arrived there at once in the course of the Balkan wars .
Situation in other countries
- Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture: Food Provision - State Provision - Storage . Retrieved on May 23, 2017: “As part of the national crisis stocks, which the Federal Agency for Agriculture and Food (BLE) is responsible for buying, selling and controlling, the civil emergency reserve and the federal reserve grain are stored. [...] The civil emergency reserve consists of rice (long and round grain), legumes (peas and lentils) and condensed milk. This safety reserve of basic foodstuffs should contribute to supplying the population with at least one daily meal in crisis situations, especially in urban areas. - The Federal Grain Reserve consists of bread grain (wheat, rye) and oats. In the event of a crisis, it should be used to maintain the supply of flour and bread. These reserves are stored near mills because of the necessary further processing. "
- Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture: Food Provision - State Provision - Frequently Asked Questions . Accessed on May 23, 2017: “The state emergency reserves consist on the one hand of wheat, rye and oats (Federal Reserve of Grains). In the event of a crisis, this should be used primarily to produce flour for supplying bread to the population. On the other hand, rice, peas, lentils and condensed milk are stored (civil emergency reserve). In the event of a crisis, these ready-to-use foodstuffs are to be distributed via communal catering facilities, primarily to consumers in the metropolitan areas, in order to be able to provide the local population with at least one warm meal a day. In addition to nutritional-physiological aspects, shelf life plays a role in the selection of products. In the case of foods other than those mentioned, the desired longer storage period (around 10 years) can usually not be achieved and the exchange of goods would have to take place in shorter cycles. It is currently being examined how the concept of state emergency stocks can be further improved. "
- Oliver Hoischen: Secret grain storage: In an emergency there are federal peas . In: FAZ.NET . June 29, 2010. Retrieved July 9, 2012.
- German Bundestag, 17th electoral period - Drs. 17/10200 (August 18, 2012): Draft law of the federal government - Draft of a law on the establishment of the federal budget for the budget year 2013 (Budget Law 2013), chap. 1004, Tit. 67141 (PDF; 12.1 MB) Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- Arne Meyer-Fünffinger: Energy and food: Germany's warehouses are full. In: br.de. March 17, 2020, accessed March 26, 2020 .
- Freia Peters: Germany hoards tons of food supplies . In: The world . July 15, 2012. Retrieved June 5, 2016.
- Compulsory stock range, at bwl.admin.ch, accessed on March 27, 2020