Gormar Castle

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Gormar Castle
Castle type : Location
Conservation status: Burgstall
Place: Mühlhausen - Görmar
Geographical location 51 ° 12 '44.2 "  N , 10 ° 28' 54.8"  E Coordinates: 51 ° 12 '44.2 "  N , 10 ° 28' 54.8"  E
Görmar Castle (Thuringia)
Gormar Castle

The location of the abandoned Görmar Castle is in the Görmar district of the district town of Mühlhausen in the Unstrut-Hainich district in Thuringia .


The favorable natural and strategic location of Görmar was and is the reason why the connection to the city of Mühlhausen was established. The district of the former farming village is located in the Thuringian Basin and mainly in the wide, fertile Unstrut lowlands .

The village of Görmar was first mentioned in a document on January 28, 897, which points to the prehistoric importance of the place with its castle .

Görmar was at that time an important central place of the Germar-Mark named after her . The village was the headquarters for the royal estate located there , not Mühlhausen.

For centuries Görmar belonged to the sphere of influence of the Free Imperial City of Mühlhausen, because the development and development of the medieval cities were economically and politically prepared in the early Middle Ages and carried out in the high and late Middle Ages.

Finds show that the area around Görmar was politically and economically important at that time until the city of Mühlhausen braced itself against the power of the nobility with its castles and the imperial castle Mühlhausen with the construction of the city ​​wall . The castles were stormed and also razed.

Görmar became the farming village of today. The rural communities of the 12th century lost their importance. Urban development was also a major reason for the suppression of serfdom in the countryside.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Werner Mägdefrau : Thuringian cities and city federations in the Middle Ages. Verlag Rockstuhl, Bad Langensalza 2002, ISBN 3-936030-34-0 , pp. 6, 40, 57.