The Canadian Arrow (German: Canadian Arrow ) was a rocket project for private manned space flight by the Canadian Geoff Sheerin in London , Ontario , Canada . The project took part in the competition for the X-Prize . The two-stage rocket was based on the German A4 and was further developed based on the original construction plans. It was supposed to put three astronauts into space .
The first stage should be reusable and will be slowed down when separated by four parachutes before landing in the sea. The second stage would have housed the three spacemen. It was also designed as a safety system in the event of a false start or flight problems during the ascent. It could have been ignited prematurely and the astronauts could have left the vehicle through hatches that opened at the side. In a normal flight, the second stage would have been ignited after the first stage had burned out and was released. The engine was operated with alcohol and liquid oxygen and should reach a thrust of 75.5 kN shortly after ignition. The thrust would have been automatically increased to a maximum of 254 kN after a longer burning period. The missile was about 16.5 meters long. It should reach an altitude of around 100 kilometers. The landing would have been done by means of three parachutes in the water.
Takeoff and landing areas
The founder of Canadian Arrow, Geoff Sheerin, founded the Planetspace project on May 17, 2005 in Chicago together with another investor. Several well-known companies were involved in this project, including Lockheed Martin , Boeing , ATK , Space Florida , PTC Corporation , Spacehab and MEHTA Engineering . The company's aim was to transport space tourists into space and to ensure supplies and crew changes on the ISS.
In 2007, a preparatory agreement was reached with NASA to develop and operate a reusable space shuttle. The planned ferry "Silver Dart" was to be based on the design of the FDL-7, a research project of the United States Air Force Flight Dynamics Laboratory .
In 2008, the deployment of the multi-stage Athena III missile was planned.
However, NASA did not accept the offer for budget reasons, but instead created another tender. In the second tender, Orbital Sciences Corporation won with the Cygnus space transporter . However, since this system turned out to be significantly more expensive than Planetspace's, Planetspace filed a formal complaint. Through refinancing and the participation exclusively from US banks, the development could initially be continued before it was finally discontinued.
PlanetSpace was disbanded in 2013.