Charles Rappoport (born June 14, 1865 in Dukschty , Lithuania , † November 17, 1941 in Cahors ) was a Lithuanian- French socialist who played a key role in founding the French Communist Party (PCF) .
Charles Rappoport was born in 1865 in a Stetl in what was then Russian Lithuania. From 1883 he was an active revolutionary and had to leave the country in 1887. After his deportation from Berlin , he lived in France from 1895 and received citizenship there in 1899. He later obtained a PhD in philosophy in Switzerland .
In France he became a member of the Fédération des Socialistes Révolutionnaires and later the Section française de l'Internationale ouvrière (SFIO, German: French Section of the Workers' International). In 1914 he opposed the approval of war credits by the SFIO and their participation in the Union sacrée . At the Tours Congress in December 1920, he played a key role in the majority of the SFIO joining the Communist International , from which the PCF emerged in 1922. In 1921 he became the first responsible editor for the French edition of Inprekorr .
In 1928 he initially supported the trials against Trotsky and Zinoviev and became a correspondent for Izvestia . In 1938, however, he condemned the Bukharin trial , broke with the PCF and rejoined the SFIO. In 1941 he died in Cahors , France.
- Literature by and about Charles Rappoport in the catalog of the German National Library
- Biography in the IISG (en)
- Charles Rappoport Internet Archive (en) at marxists.org
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Lithuanian-French socialist, co-founder of the French Communist Party|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 14, 1865|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Dukschty , Lithuania|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 17, 1941|
|Place of death||Cahors in the south west of France|