David Josef Sinzheim (also: Sintzheim) (born November 16, 1745 in Trier ; † February 11, 1812 in Paris ) was the first rabbi in Strasbourg and in 1807 chairman of the Napoleonic Sanhedrin ( Consistoire central israélite ).
Sinzheim, son of Rabbi Isaac Sinzheim von Trier and brother of heart Cerfbeer of Medelsheim , was a member of the of the May 30, 1806 , Napoleon convened notables . His sermon in German on August 15, 1806 on Napoleon's birthday in the Paris synagogue contributed significantly to Napoleon's positive opinion of the Jews . On this occasion Sinzheim received from Napoleon the promise never to curtail the rights of Jews as French citizens .
On February 9, 1807, four days after the dissolution of the Notable Assembly, the Napoleonic Sanhedrin met. The chairman, appointed by the French interior minister, was Sinzheim. From 1808 to 1812 he was also chief rabbi for the district of the Israelite consistory of Strasbourg .
Sinzheim is seen as the leading French Talmudist of his time. He was the author of Yad Dawid (1799), recently fully printed by Machon Yerushalayim .
- Adolf Brüll : Sinzheim, Joseph David . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 34, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1892, p. 416 f.
- John F. Oppenheimer (Red.) And a .: Lexicon of Judaism. 2nd Edition. Bertelsmann Lexikon Verlag, Gütersloh u. a. 1971, ISBN 3-570-05964-2 , col. 753.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Sinzheim, David Josef|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Rabbi in Strasbourg, chairman of the Napoleonic Sanhedrin|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 16, 1745|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||trier|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 11, 1812|
|Place of death||Paris|