Emphasis (also Emphasis ; ancient Greek ἔμφασις émphasis , from ἐμφαίνω emphaínō "to show", "to show", "to make clear / clear / to make clear") actually means "publicly viewable representation" or "clarification", in later use "power of Expression ”or“ emphasis in speech ”. Contrary to this, however, the Greek has the connotation "paraphrase".
The term emphasis has different meanings in individual subject areas:
- In transmission technology, an automatic frequency increase and decrease of the signal in order to improve the transmission quality, see Pre-Emphasis .
- In drama and storytelling , as well as the written literary devices which is emphatically a particularly emphatic, enthusiastic, their own inner movement and agreement reflecting expression and thus an increased form of ethos . The emphasis is in a certain way the counterpart ( counterpart ) to the pathos , in which one's own sympathy and shudder are expressed. Based on the original meaning of the word ( ancient Greek : ἐμφαίνω "to show (etc.)"), the author Gerd Hergen Lübben uses the term "Emphasen für Bühne" for his theater pentad " Feuerfuß meinetwegen ", whereby images, words and gestures are formal and content can be understood as each independent means of expression of the drama. Emphasis can be expressed by:
- In rhetoric , emphasis is mostly used for "clarification" or "emphasis", but for some of the rhetoric theorists (e.g. Quintilian ) it describes a trope in which a thing is circumscribed by an imprecise, often trivializing expression .
- In letterpress ( typography ), emphasis refers to the highlighting of text sections ( typeface ), for example bold or italic.
- In the linguistics of the Semitic languages , the term “ emphatic consonants ” refers to a special class of sound consonants . The exact phonetic pronunciation of the emphatic consonants varies between languages and includes ejective consonants in Ethiopian , as well as velar or pharyngeal consonants in Arabic . The emphatic consonants include ض ظ ص ط in Arabic, and ק צ ט in Hebrew.