Erasmus Quellinus I.

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Erasmus Quellinus I or Erasmus Quellinus the Elder (* around 1584 in Sint-Truiden , Duchy of Liège ; † January 22, 1640 in Antwerp ) was a Flemish sculptor from the Quellinus family of artists .


Quellinus is proven as a master in Antwerp through his admission to the Guild of Luke in 1606. He married Elisabeth (Betje) van Uden, the sister of the painter Lucas van Uden . He was the father of 11 children, including Erasmus II , Artus I and Hubertus Quellinus and the uncle of Artus Quellinus II. Between 1610 and 1627 he held a number of offices in different societies of the citizens of the Liège diocese in Antwerp.

He was the teacher of Pieter Verbrugghen the Elder, Melchior Charles, Wallerant Vaillant, Joos Sterck (1607); Rombout Claes (1609), Melchior van der Lanen (1612), Hans Franscoys (1614), Hans Bernaert (or Beernart) (1615) and Christoffel de la Fontaine (1633–34). On January 7, 1612, he bought a house, which in Dutch was called De gulden Leeuw 'The Golden Lion' . He was officially called "Antycksnyder".


He became known for his sculptures of ancient motifs. Little of his work has survived. For example the model of an altar table for the chapel of the Michaels Brotherhood in the main church of Oudenaarde (1615/16), a wooden candelabra in the Cathedral of Our Lady of Antwerp (1624/25) and the pulpit in the church of the Elisabeth Hospital (1635). The pulpit is an example of the early Baroque in Antwerp and shows Erasmus' mastery of balance and symmetry, even if it lacks a sense of realism.

The pulpit in the Church of St. Gummarus in Lier is another of his famous works. Erasmus I was responsible for the original design for the pulpit, which his son Arthur modified after his death, while Pieter Verbrugghen the Elder carried out the design.

Documents show that he created individual statues, none of which exist anymore.


Individual evidence

  1. Hans Vlieghe, Iris Kockel Bergh: Quellinus family [Kwelien; Sources; Sourceincs; Quellingh]. on Oxford Art Online, doi: 10.1093 / gao / 9781884446054.article.T070365 (beginning of article).
  2. Erasmus Quellinus (I). Biographical data and works in the Netherlands Institute for Art History (Dutch).
  3. a b c Oxford Grove Art: Erasmus Quellinus (English).
  4. ^ A b Ph. Rombouts, Théodore François Xavier van Lerius: De Liggeren en other historical archives of the Antwerp Sint Lucasgilde, Les Liggeren et other archives historiques de la Gilde Anversoise de Saint Luc. Baggerman, Antwerp 1872–1876. (Dutch, Textarchiv - Internet Archive , different spellings; Quellin, Quellinus, Quellinck, Quellingh, Quellinx ...).
  5. Juliane Gabriëls: Beeldhouwkunst. De antycksnyder Erasmus Quellien I. In: Vlaamsche Arbeid. 15th year, 1925, pp. 326–331 ( ).
  6. ^ Description of the pulpit (Dutch).
  7. Helena Bussers: De baroksculptuur en het barok. Openbaar Kunstbezit Vlaanderen (Dutch).