Ernst Kloss

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Ernst Kloss (born February 7, 1897 in Breslau ; † between February 20 and February 22, 1945 there ) was a German art historian .

Ernst Kloss, son of a businessman, studied from 1916 to 1923 in Freiburg i.Br. and Munich art history and received his doctorate in 1923 in Munich under Heinrich Wölfflin with a dissertation on the development of the German and Dutch woodcut styles in the 15th century . He took part in the First World War and received the Iron Cross 1st Class. In 1926 he became a research assistant at the Silesian Museum of Fine Arts in Breslau, and a few years later at the Silesian State Curator. In 1934 he published a comprehensive monograph on the Silesian baroque painter Michael Willmann . In 1933 he was offered the direction of the Silesian Museum of Fine Arts, but since he made positive comments about modern art, he was dismissed on August 31, 1934.

Kloss was friends with the expressionist artists Karl Schmidt-Rottluff and Otto Mueller . He openly criticized National Socialism , supported Jews in his environment and apparently had loose contact with the Kreisau Circle . He took on the approach of the Red Army in Breslau in 1945 life and was (now Aleja Akacjowa) 4 in the garden of the house Akazienallee buried.


  • The development of the German and Dutch woodcut styles in the 15th century. Contributions to a history of forms of vision. Dissertation, Munich 1923.
  • The Wroclaw Evangelistary R. 509 and the development of the filigree initial. In: Jahrbuch für Kunstwissenschaft, Munich 1928, pp. 192–205.
  • Michael Willmann. Life and works of a German baroque painter , Breslau 1934.
  • Silesian book illumination of the Middle Ages . German Association for Art History, Berlin 1942.
  • Three unknown illuminated manuscripts from the heyday of Bohemian painting. In: Journal of the German Association for Art Research 9, 1942, pp. 1–22.
  • with Herbert Rode, Wilhelm Stepf, Hilde Eberle: The architectural and art monuments of the Tost-Gleiwitz district (= The architectural and art monuments of Silesia. Administrative region of Katowice. Vol. 5). Breslau 1943.
  • Veit Stoss. The Krakow Marien Altar. (= Art Letter 28). Gebr. Mann, Berlin 1944.


  • Theodor Musper: In memoriam Ernst Kloss . In: Zeitschrift für Kunst 3, 1949, pp. 292–294.
  • Again: In Memoriam Ernst Kloss . In: Zeitschrift für Kunst 4, 1950, p. 176.
  • Peter Schneider : "And if we only win an hour ..." How a Jewish musician survived the Nazi years. Rowohlt, Berlin 2001, ISBN 9783871344312 , pp. 21, 66-67, 154.
  • P. Łukaszewicz (Ed.): Muzea sztuki w dawnym Wrocławiu. Art Museums in Old Wroclaw , Wrocław 1998 (bilingual), p. 224.