Atrial flutter , a form of absolute arrhythmia , is a temporary ( paroxysmal = seizure) or permanent ( permanent ) cardiac arrhythmia in which the atria of the heart are regularly excited 240 to 340 times per minute at rest, while the ventricles usually beat more slowly.
Atrial flutter can lead to a " racing heart " in the form of regular pulse acceleration ( tachycardia ) to 120 to 170 beats per minute, because the AV node typically only transfers every second excitation of the atria to the ventricles (2: 1 transfer). With disturbed excitation line and under the influence of AV nodal blocking drugs (. Eg, verapamil , amiodarone , beta-blockers or digitalis ) increases the blocking ratio (eg 3:. 1 or 4: 1 or irregular), so that the Heart chambers beat more slowly and possibly irregularly.
- Herbert Reindell , Helmut Klepzig: Diseases of the heart and the vessels. In: Ludwig Heilmeyer (ed.): Textbook of internal medicine. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Göttingen / Heidelberg 1955; 2nd edition ibid 1961, pp. 450-598, here: pp. 567 f. ( Atrial flutter ).
- Herbert Reindell, Helmut Klepzig: Diseases of the heart and the vessels. 1961, p. 568.