Carrying owls to Athens
The saying “ carry owls to Athens” (γλαῦκας εἰς Ἀθήνας κομίζειν or γλαῦκ᾿ Ἀθήναζε ἄγειν or ἡγεῖσθαι) stands for a superfluous activity. It goes back to the ancient Greek poet Aristophanes , who used the saying in his satirical comedy The Birds around 400 BC. BC coined. There, in verse 301, an owl flying by is commented on with the following words:
“(301) Τὶς γλαῦκ᾿ Ἀθήναζε [ἐκόμισε]; Who [brought] the owl to Athens? "
At that time there were very many owls as a symbol of the goddess Athena , the patron goddess of the city (cf. Minerva's Owl ), so that they did not have to be brought to Athens, as they can fly there much better and faster. The owl symbolized wisdom , mainly because it can see in the dark. As the Athenian illustrations show, it is a specific species of owl, the little owl ( Athene noctua ). From this, Wolfgang Hildesheimer developed the ironic story “I carry an owl to Athens”, which actually deals with a little owl.
So it is possible to interpret the sentence as a reference to the nonsensical activity of bringing wisdom into the city. It is more likely, however, that he was referring to the coins of Athens on which the animal was emblazoned. Aristophanes said it was superfluous to send silver coins (with the owl) to rich Athens. In verse 1106 he writes about this: "There will never be a lack of owls."
Until the changeover to the euro at the beginning of the 21st century, an owl was embossed in the Greek drachma . The illustration of an Attic silver four drachma coin struck by hand between 490 and 220 BC was chosen for the reverse of the Greek 1 euro coin.
Roman historiography adopted the proverb as ululas Athenas (ferre) . Over time, many more proverbs have been formed based on this saying. The phrases “bring fish to the Hellespont” ( pisces ad Hellespontum ferre ) or “bring crocodiles to Egypt” ( crocodilia ad Aegyptum ferre ) were already known in ancient Greece . More modern variants are for example "bring beer to Munich", "carry coal to Newcastle (alternatively Birmingham)" (English: bring / take / carry coals to Newcastle ), "give sandwiches to the baker's children" or " take your own samovar to Tula " (Russian proverb; the tea makers called samovars are made in the city of Tula ). Similar is the Latin ligna in silvam (ferre) "to carry wood into the forest" (Horace, Satiren I, 10,34).
Furthermore, there are many particularly regionally and locally known variations, for example in northern Germany “carrying peat into the moor”, in Franconia “ pouring water into the Pegnitz ”, in Moselle Franconian “driving snails to Metz” or “carrying water into the Rhine”.
- Lutz Röhrich: Lexicon of proverbial sayings . Herder, Freiburg 1994, ISBN 3-451-04400-5 .
- Aristophanis Comoediae, Volume 1 (ΕΙΣ ΤΟΥΣ ΟΡΝΙΘΑΣ)
- Wolfgang Hildesheimer: Loveless Legends. Diogenes, Zurich 1952; Suhrkamp, Frankfurt 1962, 1983.
- I am carrying an owl to Athens . In: Die Zeit, February 18, 1954
- Michael Krumm: Where did the phrase "carry owls to Athens" come from? (No longer available online.) In: Hamburger Abendblatt. January 27, 2015, archived from the original on July 26, 2015 ; accessed on January 26, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- The satires of Quintus Horacius Flaccus. Explained by Ludwig Friedrich Heindorf. Korn, Breslau 1815, p. 215.
- Saarpfalz. Sheets for history and folklore. Saarpfalz-Kreis, Homburg 1993, , issue 36, p. 43.