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Hammaguir ( Arabic حماقير) is a place in the west of the territory of the Abadla commune in the Bechar province in Algeria . The name is derived from an abbreviation of the name of the deserted stone and rock desert Hammada du Guir , which extends all around. It is located around 120 km southwest of the city of Bechar (formerly: Colomb-Bechar).
From 1947 to 1967 there was a rocket launch site of the French Center interarmées d'essais d'engins spéciaux (CIEES) near Hammaguir , from which, in addition to rockets and sounding rockets, four satellites were successfully used with the French diamond A launcher between 1965 and 1967 in the orbit including have been started, Asterix , the first French satellite.
Due to the Treaty of Évian , the rocket launch site could still be used by France for five years after Algeria became independent on March 19, 1962. It was replaced by the Kourou rocket launch site in French Guiana , South America, in the late 1960s .
- Jean-Jacques Serra: The CIEES (Inter-arms Special Weapons Test Center) (English)
- Michel Robert: Histoire des Pierres Précieuses et des Artilleurs du CIEES (French)