Fill (music)

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A Fill ( Engl. For: fill ) referred to in the music , the decoration of a piece of music .


Fills are components of the light music , the classical music they do not occur in a strictly formal sense. They belong to the category of improvisation , as they are largely freely and spontaneously inserted into the music passages. They are used to bridge short vocal or melody interruptions or to emphasize a certain rhythm . They can be played in a band by members of the rhythm or melody group .


First, a distinction is made between fill in and fill out .

  • Fill in are bridges between melodic phrases (e.g. by breathing pauses for the singer or pauses ), which are interspersed as accented chords or melodic phrases in the rhythm section when the beat continues . With the drums executed fill to serve to increase the rhythmic intensity of a piece of music, in particular by Kenny Clarke used. In the score, the expression fill in encourages improvisation.
  • Fill out is an even, distinctive drum figure that supports the beat. The time is continuously filled with rhythmically accentuated beating noises , such as the uninterrupted "stirring" with the broom on the snare drum or the continual beating of the basin , which creates a continuous, hissing noise. Denzil Best in particular represented the fill-out with the broom .

Insert form

With regard to the form of use, there are melodic, harmonic and rhythmic fills.

  • A melodic fill is the short variation in the melody, e.g. B. by grace notes or a tremolo .
  • Harmonic fills can be achieved, for example, by inserting the corresponding seventh chord before a major chord that actually follows . So it's a variation on the accompanying harmonies.
  • Only by percussion forming rhythmic Fills . These are e.g. B. a short drum roll or variations in the striking technique.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. Wieland Ziegenrücker / Peter Wicke , Sachlexikon Popularmusik , 1987, p. 128
  2. Jürgen Wölfer , Lexikon des Jazz , 1993, p. 156