Finn Ronne

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Finn Ronne

Finn Ronne , also known by his Norwegian name Finn Rønne , (born December 20, 1899 in Horten , Norway , † January 12, 1980 in Bethesda , Maryland ) was an American Antarctic explorer of Norwegian origin.


Finn Ronne is the son of Martin Rønne (1861-1932), who participated as a sail maker and navigator on board the expedition ship Fram in the South Pole expedition (1910-1912) of the Norwegian polar explorer Roald Amundsen . He attended college in Horten, where he graduated as an engineer .

Finn Ronne emigrated to the United States in 1923 and became a US citizen in 1929. Here he worked for a few years at Westinghouse Electric Corporation and then accompanied Richard Byrd on two of his Antarctic expeditions until in 1939, as Byrd's right-hand man, he explored over 1,000 miles of new Antarctic coast with him.

After a few years in the United States Navy , Ronne returned to Antarctica in the 1940s with support from the American Geographical Society . He mapped the coast of the Weddell Sea on two expeditions in 1946 and 1948 . He covered a total of more than 3,600 miles on skis and dog sledding , significantly more than any other polar explorer before. His wife Edith Ronne , also a polar explorer, accompanied him on his expeditions, where she worked as a research assistant and reporter. This made her the first woman to stay in Antarctica, along with the wife of the chief pilot, Jennie Darlington .

In Operation Deepfreeze , in which the entire Antarctic was to be mapped, Finn Ronne was used as the scientific and military director of a base station on the Weddell Sea.

Finn Ronne was the author of several books and scientific publications on Antarctica. He has received three medals of honor and numerous military awards from the US government for his work. Finn Ronne died in Bethesda, Maryland in 1980 and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery .

Web links

Commons : Finn Ronne  - album with pictures, videos and audio files