Forseti ( anord. "Chairman of the Thing," "Chairman"; isl. U. For everyone. "President"; . Nordfriesland Fosite ) is in the Norse mythology the God of law and law ( "Righteous Judge "), chairman of the Thing -Assembly.
Forseti is one of the Aesir family , son of Balder and Nanna . His residence is the Glitnir (Glastheim) hall, gleaming with gold and silver , where, as the highest judge of Asgard , he speaks justice every day among gods and people .
Excerpt from the Grímnismál :
Glitnir is the tenth; The silver roof of the hall
rests on golden pillars
Forseti is enthroned for the long day
and settles all disputes.
The Thing meetings are often dedicated to Forseti and Tyr , with Forseti being more of a mediator of a conflict. Tyr, who mostly advocates the argument and the fight, faces Forseti as a moderator between two parties. Forseti primarily sees the good in people and ensures that laws and rules are observed in the state or in families and communities. As the son of the god of light, Forseti is not only a mediator who only insists on peace, he also sees a dispute as a purification, after which something new will arise if both parties mutually accept peace. A difference can only be settled by both parties to the dispute and not just by one.
According to the Christian legends of saints by Willebrord and Ludger, there was a sanctuary of the Frisian god Fosite on the island of Fositesland, a source from which was drawn in silence, whereby it is assumed that the island of Helgoland is meant. The holy cattle of Fosites grazed here and no one was allowed to slaughter them. It is sometimes claimed that the god Forseti is meant here.
In the Baroque era, a templum Fostae vel Phosetae appeared on maps of Heligoland , which was then latinized to become a templum Vestae . A goddess Fosta later emerged from this, but is nowhere mentioned in ancient scriptures.
- M. Tveitane: Art. Forseti. In: Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde, de Gruyter, 2. A. 1973, Vol. 9, ISBN 3-11-014642-8 , 343-345
- Jacob Grimm: Deutsche Mythologie Coburg: KW Schütz-Verlag 2001, ISBN 3-87725-133-1
- Rudolf Simek : Lexicon of Germanic Mythology (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 368). 3rd, completely revised edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 2006, ISBN 3-520-36803-X .
- Wilhelm Jordan: The Edda: The holy songs of the ancestors . 2008, ISBN 3-86663-027-1 .