Galatian language

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Spoken in

earlier Galatia
speaker Up to min. 600 AD in Galatia
Language codes
ISO 639 -1


ISO 639 -2

cel (other Celtic languages)

ISO 639-3


The gala tables is the easternmost occupied mainland Celtic language . The language became extinct in the course of the expansion of Celtic-speaking ethnic groups ( Galatians ) in the 3rd century BC. Brought across Southeastern Europe to Asia Minor. It was spoken before the turn of the century in what is now western Turkey and is only sparsely documented.

As late as AD 400, Jerome said : "In addition to Greek, which everyone in the East speaks, the Galatians still have their own language, somewhat similar to that of the Treveri ." According to Tacitus, however, the Treveri claimed with particular ambition To be of Germanic origin and to be able to stand out from the limp Gauls.

Around 550 AD, Cyrilus of Scythopolis suspected that this language was still spoken in parts of Galatia. He was based on a story told to him by Greek monks. They reported about a monk who was allegedly possessed by the devil and after the exorcism could only answer questions from the monks in his Galatian mother tongue.

The Galatian shows close parallels to the Gallic and Lepontic .


  1. Hieronymos: Commentarius in Epistulam ad Galatas 2,3
  2. Tacitus , Germania 28; Strabon 4,3,4.
  3. Alex Mullen, Patrick James: Multilingualism in the Graeco-Roman Worlds . Cambridge University Press, 2012, ISBN 978-1-139-56062-7 ( [accessed July 9, 2017]).

Web links

Wiktionary: Galatian  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations