Germanic myth

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Under the heading Germanic myth, theses on the origin, the supposed superiority of the Germanic and questions of the identity of European peoples are dealt with in science .

The Romans had as early as 113 BC. BC lost battles against the Cimbri and Teutons in the Alps, which coined the term Furor teutonicus . Julius Caesar described in his work De bello Gallico in a section called the Germanic excursion the peoples east of the Rhine, who then inflicted a severe defeat on the Romans in the Varus Battle . Another century later, the writing Germania by Tacitus summarized the Roman knowledge of Germanic peoples.

This font was received in Germany from the middle of the 15th century . But even earlier in the Middle Ages, a Germanic myth began to develop. Romanticism could follow suit. The Germanic myth played a special role in the emerging German national movement. In the Third Reich a "racial" superiority of the Germanic tribes was postulated. In the present the Germanic myth is present in neo-pagan movements and in the political right.

See also

Literature (sorted by publication)

  • Ludwig Krapf: Germanic myth and imperial ideology. Early humanistic ways of reception of the Tacite Germania. Tuebingen 1979.
  • Sibylle Ehringhaus: Germanic myth and German identity. The early Middle Ages reception in Germany 1842–1933. Weimar 1996.
  • Otto Holzapfel : The Teutons. Myth and Reality . Freiburg 2001.
  • Rainer Kipper: The Germanic myth in the German Empire. Forms and functions of historical self-thematization. 2002 ( review )
  • Renate Stauf: Germanic myths and Greek myths as national identity myths; Wolfgang Wittkowski: Arminius currently: Kleist's Hermannsschlacht and Goethe's Hermann. In: Rainer Wiegels, Winfried Woesler (ed.): Arminius and the Varus Battle. History - Myth - Literature . 3rd updated and expanded edition. Schöningh, Paderborn 2003.
  • Esther Leroy: Constructions of the Germanic in educated middle class magazines of the German Empire. Frankfurt am Main 2004. (Reviews: [1] / [2] )
  • Elisabeth Monyk: Between the barbarian cliché and the Germanic myth . An analysis of Austrian history textbooks between 1891 and 1945. Münster 2006.
  • Ingo Wiwjorra: The Germanic myth . Construction of a world view in antiquity research of the 19th century. Darmstadt 2006. ( Table of contents ; PDF; 94 kB)
  • Herfried Münkler : The Germans and their Myths. Berlin 2009.
  • Uwe Puschner , Clemens Vollnhals (Ed.): The ethnic-religious movement in National Socialism. A relationship and conflict story. (= Writings of the Hannah Arendt Institute for Research on Totalitarianism. Volume 47). Göttingen 2012.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ KG Hugelmann: Tribes, Nation and Nation- State in the German Middle Ages. Stuttgart 1955.
  2. See Heinrich Himmler # contribution to Nazi Germanic ideology and Otto Rahn # contribution to Nazi Germanic ideology