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Otto Holzapfel (2008)

Otto Holzapfel (born February 5, 1941 in Beeskow / Spree) is a German folklorist and philologically oriented song researcher. He is an adjunct professor at the University of Freiburg i. Br. Retired.


Growing up in Copenhagen (with Danish mother tongue; the mother Else Holzapfel, born Lundbye ), in the Salzkammergut (the father is the meteorologist Rupert Holzapfel , 1905-1960) and in Lower Franconia, High School in 1961 at the Leibniz school (Offenbach am Main) , studied Holzapfel Scandinavian Studies with Klaus von See , Senior German Studies and Folklore with Wolfgang Brückner in Frankfurt am Main. He received his doctorate in 1969 in Frankfurt / M., The habilitation took place in 1984 in Freiburg i. Br. (The German in Denmark. The image of the German in modern Danish literature. Neighborhood experiences, prejudices and their literary processing since 1848. Unprinted). He was a Danish lecturer in Frankfurt / M for three semesters. In 1970 he came to the German Folk Song Archive in Freiburg, which he headed as chief curator until 1996, succeeding Lutz Röhrich . Holzapfel was a senior scholarship holder in Odense / Denmark from 1977 to 1980 and repeatedly represented a chair in Zurich (European folk literature). He was series editor of the Studien zur Volksliedforschung (17 volumes; 1991–1996) and co-editor of the Jahrbuch für Volksliedforschung (article part; 1984–1998). In 1991 and 2006, Holzapfel had guest lectureships in Turkey (German as a foreign language). For many years he has had a collegial collaboration with the folk music archive of the Upper Bavaria district in Bruckmühl and its director Ernst Schusser.

Holzapfel analyzed the epic formula (its expression) and the variability (folk poetry) as helpful terms for researching the folk ballad . The texts of Es were two royal children and the castle in Austria offer prime examples of balladesque representational art in its interpretation. With the documentation and analysis by Graf and Nonne in 1988, a handbook of folk ballad research was created.

In addition to folk song research, family history has become a serious hobby. - His brother is the physicist Christian Holzapfel .

Publications (selection)

Independent publications (selection)

  • Studies on the formulaic character of the medieval Danish folk ballad . Dissertation, Frankfurt / Main 1969. - Microfiches Egelsbach 1994.
  • [Translation from Swedish] Sigfrid Svensson: Introduction to European Ethnology . Meisenheim am Glan 1973, ISBN 3-445-11003-4 .
  • The Danish Nibelung Ballads: Texts and Commentaries (= Göppingen work on German studies. 122). Göppingen 1974, ISBN 3-87452-237-7 (including on the subject of the Nibelung saga ).
  • Bibliography on medieval Scandinavian folk ballad . Turku 1975, ISBN 951-95198-3-1 .
  • Folkevise and folk ballad : The neighborhood of German and Scandinavian texts (= motifs. 6). Munich 1976, ISBN 3-7705-1301-0 .
  • [add. with Julia McGrew and Iørn Piø, eds.] The European Medieval Ballad: A Symposium . Odense / Denmark 1978, ISBN 87-7492-239-4 .
  • Det balladeske: Fortællemåden i den ældre episke folkevise . Odense 1980, ISBN 87-7492-315-3 .
  • [add. with Flemming G. Andersen and Thomas Pettitt, eds.] The Ballad as Narrative: Studies in the Ballad Tradition of England, Scotland, Germany, and Denmark . Odense / Denmark 1982, ISBN 87-7492-392-7 .
  • [add. with Horst Steinmetz] The Coburg song manuscript of the FL Friedrich L. Briegleb . Hammelburg 1984.
  • [Text edition, documentation and analysis DVldr 155 " Graf und Nun "] German folk songs with their melodies: ballads . Volume 8. Freiburg i. Br. 1988, ISBN 3-7806-0388-8 .
  • The German Folk Song Archive Freiburg i. Br. Bern 1989. 2nd edition 1993 (Studies on Folk Song Research 3). 263 p., Illustrations, ISSN  0930-8636 (Institute History German Folk Song Archive ).
  • Traces of tradition: Folklore studies (= studies on folk song research. 6). Bern 1991, ISSN  0930-8636 .
  • Four-line lexicon: Schnaderhüpfel , Gesätzle, Gestanzeln Gstanzl , Rappeditzle, neck, ridicule, dance verses and related forms from oral tradition (= studies on folk song research. 7–11). Volume 1-5. Bern 1991–1994, ISSN  0930-8636 .
  • Lexicon of occidental mythology . Freiburg i. Br. 1993/2007, ISBN 3-451-22487-9 (various editions and licensed editions until 2010; translation into Slovenian, Zagreb 2008).
  • The German Ghost: How Danes See Germans and themselves . Kiel 1993, ISBN 3-926099-29-1 (on prejudice research ).
  • [add. with Wiegand Stief, ed.] German folk songs with their melodies: ballads . Volume 10. Bern 1996, ISBN 3-906753-98-0 (final volume of this series with ballad index of the entire tradition).
  • Lexicon of folkloric terms and theories (folk song research) (= studies on folk song research. 17). Bern 1996, ISSN  0930-8636 .
  • Loveless songs: "And do you ask me what about love". The 'socially critical' love song . Bern 1997, ISBN 3-906757-94-3 .
  • Religious Identity and Hymnbook: On the ideological history of German-speaking immigrants in the USA and the debate about the 'correct' hymnbook . Bern 1998, ISBN 3-906760-22-7 .
  • The great German folk ballad book . Düsseldorf 2000/2008, ISBN 3-538-06840-2 (various editions and licensed editions).
  • [add. with Philip V. Bohlman ] The Folk Songs of Ashkenaz (= Recent Researches in the Oral Traditions of Music. 6). Middleton, WI 2001, ISBN 978-0-89579-474-1 (Yiddish songs).
  • The Teutons : Myth and Reality (= Herder Spectrum. 5104). Freiburg 2001, ISBN 3-451-05104-4 .
  • [add. with Philip V. Bohlman , ed.] Land without Nightingales: Music in the Making of German-America . Madison, WI 2002, ISBN 978-0-92411-904-0 .
  • Oral tradition and literary studies: The myth of folk song and folk ballad (= literary studies. Theory and examples. 2). Münster 2002, ISBN 3-402-04174-X .
  • Song index: The older German-language popular song tradition . Volume 1-2. Hildesheim 2006 [CD-ROM Update 2009], ISBN 3-487-13101-3 and ISBN 3-487-13102-1 .
  • [add. with Ali Osman Öztürk ] German-Turkish forays into German literature and folk poetry . Kenzingen 2008, ISBN 978-3-8255-0707-7 . 2017 published by Springer Fachmedien, Berlin.
  • Song index: The older German-language popular song tradition ( online version on the folk music archive homepage of the Upper Bavaria district ; in PDF format; ongoing updates).

Articles (selection)

  • "On the Phenomenology of Ring Customs". In: Zeitschrift für Volkskunde 64 (1968), pp. 32–51 (including on the customs around Saint Leonhard of Limoges ).
  • "Bilingualism and the ridiculous poetry of the German-Danish wars 1848-50 and 1864". In: Ethnologia Europaea 7 (1973/1974), pp. 104-110.
  • "The epic formula in the German folk ballad". In: Jahrbuch für Volksliedforschung 18 (1973), pp. 30–41.
  • “Stability and variability of a formula. On the interpretation of the pictorial formula 'Figure between wild animals' with special consideration of Scandinavian examples (with 18 drawings by Detlef Brennecke) ”. In: Mediaeval Scandinavia 6 (1973 [Odense / Denmark]), pp. 7–38 (including on the pictorial formula of the opposing animals as an example for the figures “ Lord of the Animals ” of the Gilgamesh type or “Animal Fighter”, Daniel “in the lions' den "Etc. since ancient times)
  • "Homer-Nibelungenlied-Novalis. For the discussion of the formulaic nature of epic poetry ”. In: Fabula 15 (1974), pp. 34-46 (including on the problem of oral tradition , following Milman Parry , but skeptical of Albert B. Lord).
  • "Politisk vise og tysk folkesang: Wyhl 1975". In: tradisjon 6 (1976 [Bergen / Norway]), pp. 31-40 (songs, originated in the protest movement against the Wyhl nuclear power plant ).
  • "From the estate of the Brothers Grimm: a letter from CE Steenbloch with a Norwegian story (1812)". In: Fabula 18 (1977), pp. 117-132 (from the early days of narrative research, an attempt to define “saga”).
  • “Pinck estate in the German Folk Song Archive. Notes on the German folk song in Lorraine ”. In: Jahrbuch für Volksliedforschung 22 (1977), pp. 119–130. [to the song collection of the pastor Louis Pinck ]
  • “Highlights from Alsace. Interviews and recordings on the subject of folk song in a landscape of cultural change ”. In: Yearbook of the Austrian Folksong Work 26 (1977), pp. 47–55.
  • "Ballad-like transformations of the Nibelung material and compositional formulas in the Nibelungenlied". In: I. Albrecht, A. Masser (eds.): Hohenemser studies on the Nibelungenlied , Dornbirn 1981, pp. 138–147 [= Zeitschrift Montfort 1980, pp. 312–321]. (inter alia on the question of oral tradition ).
  • "German-Danish border and demarcation difficulties. Patriotism and nationalism as reflected in some Schleswig-Holstein song books from 1802 to 1864 ”. In: Yearbook for Folk Song Research 27/28 (1982/1983 ; = Festschrift for Lutz Röhrich ), pp. 225–234.
  • "When I was on a summer day ... an anonymous hit of the 19th century". In: Musical folklore - current. Festschrift for Ernst Klusen , Bonn 1985, pp. 245–252. ISBN 3921285437
  • Count and nun . An Analysis of the Epic-Formulaic Elements in a German Ballad ". In: Carol L. Edwards et al. (Eds.): Narrative Folksong: New Directions [Festschrift for W. Edson Richmond], Boulder, Co. [USA] 1985, pp. 179-193. ISBN 978-0-96156-870-2 .
  • "Songs of the dead of German emigrants in Kansas (USA)". In: Jahrbuch für Volksliedforschung 31 (1986), pp. 83-87.
  • "Thoughts on the revision of the Evangelical Church Hymnbook (EKG)". In: Jahrbuch für Volksliedforschung 31 (1986), pp. 111–117.
  • “Potato tysker and bacon dane. Aspects of ethnological prejudice research ”. In: Swiss Archives for Folklore 83 (1987), pp. 23–40.
  • “The German Folk Song Archive in the Third Reich”. In: Helge Gerndt (Ed.): Folklore and National Socialism , Munich 1987, pp. 95-102. ISBN 9783926844064
  • "The concept of tradition in Richard Weiss (1946) and in modern folklore". In: Unity in Diversity: Festschrift for Peter Lang , Bern 1988, pp. 237–248. ISBN 978-3261039224
  • "Farmer and farmhand in Franconian quatrains". In: Volkskultur-Geschichte-Region: Festschrift for Wolfgang Brückner , Würzburg 1990, pp. 671–680. ISBN 9783884797099
  • “An attempt at an 'ethnological' analysis of quatrains. An approach to Arnold van Gennep ”. In: Jahrbuch für Ostdeutsche Volkskunde 33 (1990), pp. 69–91.
  • “Coming to terms with the past against the grain. Considerations for the debate: John Meier and the Ahnenerbe { Research Association of German Ahnenerbe } ". In: Yearbook for Folklore: New Series 14 (1991), pp. 101–114.
  • “Describing the environment in the Schnaderhüpfel”. In: Yearbook of the Austrian Volksliedwerk 41 (1992), pp. 100-104.
  • [add. with Brigitte Emmrich and Heike Müns] “Collection Franz Magnus Böhme in the Saxon State Library in Dresden”. In: Jahrbuch für Volksliedforschung 38 (1993), pp. 27–49.
  • “Narrative attitude and ideology of the folk ballad”. In: U. Brunold-Bigler, H. Bausinger (ed.): Listening, Saying, Reading, Learning: Festschrift for Rudolf Schenda , Bern 1995, pp. 319–339. ISBN 978-3906755007
  • “Between folk ballad and Schnaderhüpfel. Sketches for a Song Landscape ”[1987]. In: Walter Deutsch, Gerlinde Haid (ed.), Contributions to the musical folk culture in South Tyrol (= writings on folk music. 17). Vienna 1997, pp. 15-32 (Italian summary). ISBN 978-3205988434
  • " When all the little fountains flow ..."  Stereotypical play and role attribution in traditional German folk song ". In: Andrea Gutenberg, Ralf Schneider (Eds.): Gender - Culture - Poetics: On gender research in literary and cultural studies. Festschrift for Natascha Würzbach , Trier 1999, pp. 133–149. ISBN 978-3884763230
  • "Hoffmann von Fallersleben and the beginning of critical folk song research in Germany". In: Hans-Joachim Behr u. a. (Ed.): August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben 1798-1998: Festschrift for the 200th birthday , Bielefeld 1999, pp. 183–198. ISBN 978-3895342813
  • "Langebeks kvart: The German songs in Langebeks quarterscript (approx. 1560–1590)". In: Flemming Lundgreen-Nielsen, Hanne Ruus (eds.): Svøbt i mår. Dansk Folkevisekultur 1550-1700, Volume 3, København 2001, pp. 47-238. ISBN 87-7876-133-6 (important song manuscript )
  • "The emergence of the alpine dialect song after 1800 as a reflection of a new appreciation of the dialect". In: Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik 69 (2002), pp. 38-57 (about early folk songs in dialect ).
  • “A Strasbourg song manuscript around 1804 with love songs, Freemason texts and a song from the tree of freedom”. In: Musical folklore and music education: Festschrift for Günther Noll , Cologne 2002, pp. 148–164. ISBN 3-89924-021-9
  • [Translation from French together with Bärbel Lampe] Christian and Bärbel Guinchard [Lampe], " Graffiti : From the struggle for recognition to the creation of urban (living) space". In: Jahrbuch für Volkskunde 26 (2003), pp. 153–164.
  • "Hoffmann von Fallersleben and his 'Silesian Folk Songs' (1842): An attempt at rapprochement". In: M. Hałub, A. Manko-Matysiak (Eds.): Schlesische Gelehrten Republik, Volume 1, Wrocław [Breslau] 2004, pp. 462–479 (Polish and Czech summary, on a major work by August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben ). ISBN 978-8390247649
  • "Balladesk tekstur: den episke folkevises fortællermåde [Balladesque texture: the epic narrative of the Scandinavian folk ballad]". In: Erik Henning Edvardsen u. a. (Ed.): Balladar og blue Hawaii . [Festschrift for Velle Espeland], Oslo 2005, pp. 115–128. ISBN 978-8270994168
  • "Singing from the Right Songbook: Ethnic Identity and Language Transformation in German American Hymnals". In: Philip V. Bohlman u. a. (Ed.): Music in American Religious Experience , New York 2006, pp. 175-194. ISBN 978-0-19517-304-8
  • [add. with] Ali Osman Öztürk , "On the image of the Turkish in German-language songs and children's verses". In: Acta Ethnographica Hungarica 53 (2008), pp. 361-380.
  • “Two voice samples in contrast. (I.) DgF 358, an underrated classic folk ballad, around 1600, and (II.) Selma Nielsen's songs, from a Danish repertoire from the end of the 19th century ”. In: Jürg Glauser (Ed.): Ballad Voices: Vocality as a theoretical and historical phenomenon (= contributions to Nordic philology. 40). Tübingen - Basel 2012, pp. 127–142. ISBN 978-3772081736
  • Since 2013 various articles in the Internet magazine of the Turkish Association of Germanists, Diyalog. Intercultural magazine for German studies , edited by Ali Osman Öztürk (Link: ISSN  2148-1482 ) with the following topics: " Ingeborg Bachmann : 'Seven years later' - the Kraft der Konnotation ”, in: Diyalog … [Turkish online edition] 2013/1, pp. 20–23. - "Intercultural idioms [( interculturality , idiom )] and their cultural-historical background. 'Get on someone's roof' and 'step on someone's foot': a sketch ”, in: Diyalog … 2013/2, pp. 95-102. - "A German folk ballad from Bavaria with a Turkish theme and its relationship to history (For Ernst Schusser [( Folk Music Archive of the District of Upper Bavaria )] on his 60th birthday)", in: Diyalog … 2014/1, pp. 19-29. - ““… like in the Jewish school ”- a phrase and its interpretation”, in: Diyalog … 2014/2, pp. 61–69. - "Some remarks on the poem" You have feet and wings "by Christa Peikert-Flaspöhler ", in: Diyalog2015/1 , pp. 13-20. - “Language logic, feeling for language and language competence”, in: Diyalog … 2015/2 [published 2016], pp. 73–89. - “Experiences with”, in: Diyalog … 2016/1, pp. 99–118. - “Language Association and Language Convention”, in: Diyalog … 2017/1, pp. 71–81 [reprinted in: Writings on language and literature / Dil ve Edebiyat Yazıları, ed. together with T. Balcı and E. Serindağ, London 2017, pp. 85–104]. - “On the diversity of methods: A new approach to the interpretation of texts in German-language folk songs”, in: Diyalog … 2018/2, pp. 1–14.
  • Writings on language and literature / Dil ve Edebiyat Yazıları. Edited by Tahir Balcı (Adana, Turkey), Otto Holzapfel (Freiburg i. Br.), Ergün Serindağ (Adana, Turkey). IJOPEC Publication International Journal of Politics & Economics, London 2017, ISBN 978-1-9997035-2-3 .
  • “The pleasure of reading an older subject. A discussion in the border area of ​​natural sciences and humanities ”, in: [Turkish Internet journal] Anadolu University Journal of Education Faculty (AUJEF) , Special Issue August 2018 [Festschrift for Seyyare Duman], ISSN  2602-2249 , pp. 179-184 (Article about: Harold Lincke, loss of instinct and symbol formation. The psychoanalytic theory and the psychobiological foundations of human behavior , edited by Hans-Jürgen Heinrichs, Berlin 1981).
  • Farewell to


  • Kürschner's German Scholars Calendar 2009 . 22nd edition. Saur, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-598-23629-7 . - Also 27th edition, Munich 2015, Volume 2, p. 1537.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. People and data incorporated at Geneanet , publicly accessible after registration under "oholzapfel" and the corresponding persons.
  2. See English summary, in: Philip V. Bohlman : Central European Folk Music. An Annotated Bibliography of Sources in German . Garland, New York and London 1996, p. 136. ISBN 0-8153-0304-1
  3. See English summary, in: Philip V. Bohlman : Central European Folk Music. An Annotated Bibliography of Sources in German . Garland, New York and London 1996, pp. 272-273. ISBN 0-8153-0304-1
  4. See English summary, in: Philip V. Bohlman : Central European Folk Music. An Annotated Bibliography of Sources in German . Garland, New York and London 1996, pp. 43-44. ISBN 0-8153-0304-1
  5. See English summary, in: Philip V. Bohlman : Central European Folk Music. An Annotated Bibliography of Sources in German . Garland, New York and London 1996, p. 227. ISBN 0-8153-0304-1
  6. See English summary, in: Philip V. Bohlman : Central European Folk Music. An Annotated Bibliography of Sources in German . Garland, New York and London 1996, pp. 216-217. ISBN 0-8153-0304-1
  7. See English summary, in: Philip V. Bohlman : Central European Folk Music. An Annotated Bibliography of Sources in German . Garland, New York and London 1996, pp. 9-10. ISBN 0-8153-0304-1
  8. See English summary, in: Philip V. Bohlman : Central European Folk Music. An Annotated Bibliography of Sources in German . Garland, New York and London 1996, pp. 134-135. ISBN 0-8153-0304-1
  9. Since I am no longer working for (see: discussion page), I no longer maintain this article.