Total rescue system

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Overall rescue system of a Cirrus, photographed by NASA

A rescue system (Engl. Ballistic recovery system , BRS ) is used in aviation to the survival of the event of technical problems the aircraft to allow people located by the entire aircraft with the passengers on a parachute to float to the ground.

System and requirements

Overall rescue systems consist of a rocket , which if necessary can break through the aircraft wall at a predetermined breaking point and pull a very large round canopy parachute out of the aircraft, which is designed for the total weight of the aircraft with its passengers . The challenge in designing an overall rescue system is to brake the aircraft from a possibly high speed after it has been triggered , without overloading the airframe, and to keep the descent speed on the glider so low that the impact does not cause serious injuries to the occupants.

Total rescue systems also work at low altitudes, at which a parachute jump from the aircraft would no longer be possible for time or physical reasons ( load multiples ) until the impact.

Areas of application and legal

The requirements for total rescue systems mean that they are currently only available for light and slow aircraft. These include some types of single-engine touring aircraft such as B. the Cirrus SR22 , Cirrus SF50 and gliders . For microlight aircraft (except for microlight gyroplanes ) the installation of an approved total rescue system is mandatory.

Complete rescue systems in Germany require approval including extensive tests.


Air sports enthusiasts with smaller aircraft such as hang gliders usually carry a simple rescue parachute on their body for rescue purposes .

See also


Hellmut Penner: Parachute Rescue of Airplanes and Occupants . In: Air sports . June / July, 2017, ISSN  2511-8250 , p. 24–28 ( [PDF]).

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Manual for BRS-5 / -6. (PDF; 1.2 MB) In: Ballistic Recovery Systems - Sales & Service Center Europe, accessed May 25, 2013 .
  2. Operating regulations for aviation equipment (LuftBO) § 3
  3. DULV, DAeC: Airworthiness requirements for rescue equipment for ultralight aircraft. (PDF; 253 kB) published in NfL II - 122/99. (No longer available online.) In: Luftfahrt Bundesamt, September 30, 1999, archived from the original on January 23, 2013 ; Retrieved May 25, 2013 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /