Market town of Falkenstein (Upper Palatinate)Coordinates: 49 ° 6 ′ 2 ″ N , 12 ° 25 ′ 20 ″ E
|Height :||607 m|
|Postal code :||93167|
|Area code :||09462|
Gfall is a district of Falkenstein in the Upper Bavarian Forest in the Upper Palatinate, near the nature reserve Hölle .
In 1648 Gfall was mentioned in a document with two mercenary farms. In 1719 Gfall is mentioned with four half yards. In 1732 one could read eight mercenaries with half farms each. Like the neighboring towns of Schergendorf, Winkling, Pielhof, Lackberg, Thallern and Schillertswiesen, Gfall was also part of the Falkenstein manor. The Brennberg lordship was landowner in this area and partly had hunting rights. The ruling border of Falkenstein ran a little south of Gfung, near Stadl.
During the Thirty Years' War , the Swedes quartered themselves in Gfall, as it was a good starting point for a possible siege of the nearby Falkenstein Castle. The Swedes demanded dues from Falkenstein Castle and threatened to burn down Falkenstein; The last of their cattle were taken away from the farmers in Gfung. In 1744 the Hungarian hussars plundered and robbed the Upper Palatinate. At Winkling, the "Husarenberg" reminds us of this.
In 1806, the affiliation of the place Gfall in the municipality of Au was determined by the municipality boundary. In 1829 "Gföhl" was grouped according to the location in " Obergföhl, Mittergföhl and Untergföhl ". In 1864 there were 21 houses and 57 residents in Gfung. It belonged to the district court Falkenstein, the district office Neunburg vorm Wald and the rent office Walderbach. Gfall was parish after Rettenbach , Zell and Brennberg .
Between 1908 and 1913 the Wutzlhofen - Gfung - Falkenstein railway line was built . This gave the areas along the railway line an economic boom. Construction began in 1909 and the line was inaugurated on December 22nd, 1913. The railway line had a length of 35.4 km. The station in Gäll was at kilometer stone 30.2 and was the longest of all the stations on the route. The station buildings were typically wooden buildings with an agency room for the servants and a goods hall. The station building in Gfall was the only one on the railway line that was built in stone and had two floors. Mainly agricultural goods, cattle and forest fruits were loaded in Gfung. The station facility had a typical track system with a loading track (with loading scales) as a parallel track, two switch connections and two butt tracks. Due to the increase in individual traffic in the 1970s, however, the passenger and freight traffic decreased, whereupon the Federal Railroad stopped passenger traffic on June 1, 1984 and freight traffic to Gfung on June 2, 1985. A cycling and hiking trail was then built on the old railway line . The first 15.3 km long section that ran from Falkenstein via Gfung was opened on October 28, 1985. Due to massive damage, the former railway bridge near Geak was demolished in 2015.
At the end of the Second World War in April 1945, the deportation of the concentration camp prisoners from the Flossenbürg concentration camp to the Dachau concentration camp began. A column of inmates also led a death march through Gfall. Those who could no longer walk or wanted to flee were shot by the guards. About 30 bodies were discovered on the way from Gfung to Falkenstein. Since the end of the war there has been a memorial stone near Rettenbach that reminds of a burial site of 48 concentration camp dead who perished as a result of these horrific atrocities.
In the 1950s the church was built which became the center of the village. The planned construction of a school next to the church in the 1960s failed, the school was built in Martinsneukirchen. 1977 Gäll is connected to the district water supply and the town center receives street lighting in 1984.
From 1953 to 1955, the subsidiary church Gfung was built with its patron saint St. Joseph according to the plans of the architect Josef Koch von Regensburg and by the local construction company Spitzer, after a church building association with 22 members was founded in 1948. On May 8, 1955, the church was consecrated by Auxiliary Bishop Josef Hiltl from Regensburg . A stone altar standing in the apse shows in the background the pictorial life of the Holy Family. The two side altars, dedicated to the Mother of God (left) and the Heart of Jesus (right), were donated by the Mallersdorf-Pfaffenberg Monastery . The pictures for the main altar and the side altars were made in 1959 by Alfons Bauer von Regensburg. There is a small organ on top of the choir. The church tower has four bells. There is a church clock on the church tower that was installed in 1984. In 1956 a cemetery with a morgue was built next to the church. In 1973 a war memorial was erected on Kirchenplatz. In 1977 the dome of the church had to be provided with a new copper sheet. In 1980 the church roof was renewed. There has been an urn wall in the cemetery since 2013, consisting of eight chambers.
In 1948 the volunteer fire brigade Gfall was founded. The first fire station was built around 1952, and the second from 1971 to 1972 (after a modern portable pump vehicle was purchased, the old fire station had become too small). From 2009 to 2012 the third fire station was built in the same place as the old one after the fire service's technical service complained about the insufficient width of the fire station.
- Festschrift for the 35th anniversary of the founding ceremony with the flag consecration of the volunteer fire brigade Gfall from July 8th to 11th, 1983.
- Commemorative publication for the 50th anniversary celebration of the volunteer fire brigade Gfall with vehicle inauguration from July 17th to 19th, 1998.
- Commemorative publication of the Gfall branch church for the 50th anniversary of the church from June 11th to 12th, 2005.
- Commemorative publication for the inauguration of the fire station of the Gfung fire brigade with a youth inspection decision from 13 to 15 July 2012.
References and comments
- ↑ The owners were Jakob Dizl and Georg Philmayr. These belonged to the Falkenstein manor.
- ↑ The owners were Georg Scharzmeier, Georg Aukofer, Horst Zier Zweckl and Andreas Piehlmaeyer.
- ↑ Georg Aukofer, Martin Gross, Andre Pillmayr, Georg Haun, Georg Schmidbauer, Georg Wanninger, Kaspar Wanninger and Johann Schmidbauer.
- ↑ The term mercenary does not mean a soldier, but a small farmer, a cottage trader who sometimes owned some cattle and usually could not make a living from it alone. As a day laborer or craftsman, he had to earn additional pay. Unlike the farmers, the mercenaries mostly didn't have horses either. Therefore, instead of the tension service, they had to do labor.