Halberstadt C types

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Halberstadt CV

The Halberstadt C-types of the Halberstädter Flugzeugwerke were two-seater reconnaissance aircraft of the German air forces in the First World War .


In 1916 Halberstadt developed a two-seater reconnaissance double -decker with a rotary engine , the "Halberstadt CI", based on the unarmed B.II. Its prototype was completed in 1917, but not released for series production.

The next construction, planned as C.II was as Halberstadt CL.II built. The next C-plane, chief designer Karl Theiss, designed the "Halberstadt C.III", a two-seater with a conventional in-line engine. The suspension of the lower wing on a small keel placed under the fuselage was unusual. The prototype was presented in late 1917. Six aircraft were manufactured, but there was no series production here either. It is doubtful whether the type was used.

Instead of a C.IV, the Halberstadt CL.IV was developed .

Theiss therefore continued the development of the C.III in 1917 into the "Halberstadt CV". The aircraft had a conventional wing suspension on the fuselage and received two-legged wings with a particularly large span and balanced ailerons. The crew was housed in separate cockpits. The prototype was completed in early 1918 and was officially accepted by the air force inspection in the spring of 1918. The plane was used as a photo reconnaissance aircraft in the summer of 1918. Because of its 220 hp Benz Bz IVü (supercharged) engine, it was particularly suitable for high altitudes and thus for use as a photo reconnaissance aircraft. A line camera was installed angled down through a floor opening with a hinged door. The installation of a tactile radio was also planned; instead the ring mount for the observer was omitted. Around 1,000 units were delivered, and Halberstadt shared production with the licensees Luftfahrzeug-Gesellschaft (LFG), Aviatik , Deutsche Flugzeug-Werke (DFW) and Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (BFW).

After the success of the CV, further prototypes were developed in 1918, but they were no longer ready for series production. The "Halberstadt C.VI" was intended as a training aircraft, the "C.VII" as a long-range reconnaissance aircraft for particularly great heights of up to 9,000 m. Finally, the "Halberstadt C.VIII", somewhat smaller than the CV and equipped with shorter, single-handled wings, was ready for testing in October 1918, but came too late for production and use. One of these variants, "Halberstadt C.IX", had almost the same dimensions as the C.VIII with a span of 12.20 m and a length of 7.35 m, but was for the planned series production for the kuk aviation troops with an Austrian 230 PS Hiero equipped. The second, much smaller, light variant "Halberstadt CLS.I" was designed as an attack aircraft. However, the aircraft was also too late to be deployed.


In the last months of the war, only the CV came into the force in large numbers as a long-range reconnaissance officer. CV and Rumpler C.VII- Rubild shared the reputation of being the best German photo scout during the war.


A Halberstadt CV (No. 3471/18) is on display in the Musée Royal de l'Armée et d'Histoire Militaire in Brussels .

Technical specifications

year 1917 1918 1918 1918 1918 1918
use spotter Remote reconnaissance Trainer aircraft Remote reconnaissance Remote reconnaissance Attack aircraft
number of pieces 6th approx. 552 approx. 3–4
span 12.20 m 13.62 m 10.70 m 13.60 m 12.20 m 9.70 m
length 7.70 m 6.54 m 6.92 m 6.90 m 7.35 m 6.95 m
height 2.95 m 2.70 m 3.05 m
Wing area 27.00 m² 26.40 m²
Empty mass 850 kg 728 kg 928 kg 682 kg
Takeoff mass 1310 kg 1092 kg 1363 kg 1102 kg
water-cooled 6-cylinder in-line engine Benz Bz IV , 200 hp Benz Bz.IVü, 220 hp Benz Bz III , 150 hp Maybach Mb.IV, 245 hp Maybach Mb.IV, 260 hp Mercedes D IIIa , 160 hp
Top speed 165 km / h 165 km / h 180 km / h 185 km / h
Service ceiling 6000 m 9000 m 7000 m 9000 m
Climbing time to 1000 m 1:34 min
Climbing time to 2000 m 3:12 min
Climbing time to 4500 m 36 min
Ascent time to 5000 m 32 min
Climbing time to 6000 m 29 min
Climbing time to 9000 m 58 min
Flight duration 3:30 h
Range 485 km 600 km 620 km 450 km
Armament 2 MG 2 MG, 50 kg bombs - 2 MG 2 MG 2 MG
crew 2 2 2 2 2 2

See also

Commons : Halberstadt C-Types  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files


  • Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi: Airplanes from the beginnings to the First World War , Wiesbaden 1976, ISBN 3-8068-0391-9
  • Karlheinz Kens, Hanns Müller: The aircraft of the First World War 1914-1918 , Munich 1973, ISBN 3-453-00404-3
  • Günter Kroschel, Helmut Stützer: The German military aircraft 1910-1918 , Wilhelmshaven 1977, ISBN 3-920602-18-8
  • Kenneth Munson: Bomber 1914-1919 , Orell Füssli Verlag, Zurich 1968
  • Heinz Nowarra : The Development of Aircraft 1914–1918 , Munich 1959
  • Karl Pawlas: German aircraft 1914-1918 , Nuremberg 1976, ISBN 3-88088-209-6

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Günter Kroschel, Helmut Stützer: The German military aircraft 1910–1918 , Wilhelmshaven 1977, ISBN 3-920602-18-8
  2. cf. http://users.skynet.be/Emmanuel.Gustin/faq/ger_mil.txt


  1. The inspection of the air force (IdFlieg) was u. a. responsible for the technical acceptance of new aircraft types for the air force