Hera Temple (Paestum)

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Temple of Poseidon after an engraving from Pierer's Universal Lexicon 1891
Temple of Poseidon 2013
Temple of Poseidon and Heraion in Paestum, watercolor by Y. Gianni 1898

The Hera Temple in Paestum (formerly called Poseidon Temple ) was built around the middle of the 5th century BC. . AD probably during the greatest prosperity of the city Poseidonia modeled after the Temple of Zeus in Olympia in the form of Peripteros built.

The rectangular base (25 x 60 m) is surrounded by a peristasis of 6 × 14 columns, which is a deviation from the canonical, motherland Doric form. The outer columns are fluted 24-fold, which creates a weightless impression. This impression is reinforced by the tapering of the columns (2.09 m below, 1.55 m above).

The temple consists of a raised cella with a pronaos with two columns in antis, an opisthodom with also two columns in antis, which are aligned with the two central front columns. The cella has two floors and is divided into three parts by two rows of Doric columns standing on raised stylobate. The Doric corner conflict was attempted by moving the triglyphs out of the line above the center of the column and shortening the unit yoke from 4.475 m to the corner yoke of 4.30 m.

Earlier referred to as the Temple of Poseidon, the temple was probably dedicated to both Zeus and Hera , as finds from votive shrines suggest.

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Coordinates: 40 ° 25 ′ 11.8 ″  N , 15 ° 0 ′ 19.1 ″  E