The Highlands - Highlands of Scotland , Scottish Highlands , Gaelic : A'Ghaidhealtachd - are the north-western area of Scotland . In addition to mountainous areas with a few Munros , treeless bogs characterize the Highlands over large parts .
The Highlands are delimited from the lower Central Lowlands by a line clearly recognizable from the air (the Highland Boundary Fault ), which runs southwest-northeast of Ardmore on the Firth of Clyde through southern Loch Lomond (Inchmurrin / Balmaha) and on to Stonehaven on the North Sea runs. The Highland administrative unit (Council Area) forms only part of the geographical Highlands.
The Highlands are by the tectonic ditch Great Glen ( glen is the Gaelic word for valley ) in the Northwest Highlands and Grampian Mountains divided. There are several lakes along the Great Glen , including a. Loch Ness . The highest mountain in the British Isles, Ben Nevis (1,345 m) is located in the Grampian Mountains.
The Highlands were less exposed to English influence than the Lowlands. As a result, they have retained their own cultural character more strongly. In particular, the clan structure in the Highlands is partly still alive or revived. Today this is also preserved for tourism. Their clans and whiskey production have made the Highlands world famous.
The fact that the vast Highlands are largely unwooded and unpopulated today is primarily a result of the Highland Clearances , the expulsion of the local population between 1762 and 1884.
The vast majority of Scottish whiskey is distilled in the Highlands region. As a whiskey region, the Highlands are often divided into the Northern, Western, Southern and Eastern Highlands and the Islands. Although geographically part of the Highlands, the Speyside whiskey region is considered separately and not counted as part of the Highlands whiskey region. At Speyside, however, the naming is not always uniform, as some distilleries in Speyside call their whiskey Highland Malt .
- Martin Rackwitz : Travels to Terra Incognita. The Scottish Highlands and Hebrides in Early Modern Travelers' Accounts c. 1600 to 1800 , 3 volumes. Waxmann Verlag, Münster 2007. ISBN 978-3-8309-1699-4 .