The name goes back to Sir Hugh Munro , who first published a list of all such mountains in 1891, the "Tables of the 3000 ft Mountains of Scotland". Since then, the list has been revised several times and established Munro bagging . Munro himself did not hike all of the Munros - when he died in 1919 he was still missing two peaks.
Definition and number of Munros
Hugh Munro listed all the summits that he personally considered "stand-alone" without ever providing a clear definition for them. The Scottish Mountaineering Club (SMC), which maintains the list in its successor, has not done so either, but has included all peaks with a notch height of at least 500 ft (152.4 m) in the current 282 peaks list of Munros . However, some of them also have significantly lower notch heights, including well-known peaks such as The Devil's Point with 89 meters notch height. Summits over 3000 ft with insufficient independence are referred to as (Munro) top .
When the list was last revised by the SMC in September 2012, the Beinn a 'Chlaidheimh lost its Munro status, as a re-measurement had determined its height to be only 2998 ft. Since then there have been a total of 282 Munros and 227 Tops in Scotland.
Other mountain species in Scotland
Corbetts are Scottish mountains between 2500 ft (762 m) and 3000 ft and a notch height of at least 500 ft (152.4 m). The list was first drawn up in the 1920s by John Rooke Corbett, a Bristol mountaineer. There are a total of 222 Corbett's in Scotland.
Grahams are Scottish mountains with an elevation between 2000 ft (610 m) and 2500 ft and a notch height of at least 150 m (492 ft). There are a total of 224 Grahams, many of which are also Donalds. The first list of Grahams was published by the traveling author Alan Dawson in 1992. Dawson later named it in honor of Fiona Torbet (née Graham) who had compiled a list of these mountains around the same time.
Donalds are mountains in the Scottish Lowlands (consisting of the Southern Uplands and Central Lowlands ) that are between 2000 ft and 2500 ft in height and at least 30 m (98 ft) high. Donalds are much rarer and lower than their large relatives. There are only 89 Donalds in Scotland. Namesake is Percy Donald, who published a list of these mountains. There is no precise definition of a Donald.
Mountain species in the British Isles
Based on the actress Marilyn Monroe , whose last name is a homophone to Munro , the hiking guide author Alan Dawson named all hills or elevations in the British Isles that have a relative height or notch height of at least 150 meters (492 ft) in the form of a Pun as Marilyns . All Corbetts and Grahams are classified as Marilyns due to the largely same requirement for the notch height, but there are many Munros who are not Marilyns.
Hewitts are all elevations in England, Wales and Ireland with a height of at least 2000 ft (“ H ills in E ngland, W ales and I reland over t wo t housand feet”) and 30 m high. This category also goes back to Alan Dawson. Scotland was explicitly excluded here because it would go beyond the list.
- Hartmut Engel: Scotland: Munros , Conrad Stein Verlag, ISBN 978-3-86686-246-3
- The A 'Mhaighdean on munromagic.com
- The Scottish Mountaineering Club: Hill Lists , accessed January 5, 2018
- www.rhb.org.uk: The Relative Hills of Britain: Grahams , accessed January 25, 2017
- The Scottish Mountaineering Club: Hill FAQ , accessed July 7, 2020