The Hipp Campomanes (. Greek ἱππομανές ) - as Rosswut , Pferdebrunst , Rossbrunst , Lätizel , bliss , foals bread , Netzlein , benefits or Füllenmilz called - are brownish or olivgrünliche elastic formations that physiologically during pregnancy in mares arise.
The up to fist-sized Hippomanes either sit on the inner wall of the allantoic bladder with stems or swim freely in the allantoic fluid. Occasionally such formations also occur in ruminants ("calf bread") or pigs . Hippomanes arise from unconsumed and thickened nutrient fluid ( histiotrophe ) of the placenta , which the allantochorion turns inside. They are often surrounded by shed cells.
Use as an aphrodisiac
Hippomanes was considered an aphrodisiac in ancient times . According to Pliny , the hippomanes, allegedly found as a tough body on the forehead of the newborn fill, are eaten by the mare immediately after birth. If the mare was prevented from doing so, she would feel no affection for the foal and refuse to nourish it, which is why it was believed that the power of love was concentrated in the Hippomanes.
The so-called “oestrus mucus”, a sticky liquid from the shame of mares , was also referred to as Hippomanes in antiquity and was used for love potions and love spells . Virgil in the Georgica (3, 280):
- From this ultimately emerges what right the shepherd's horse rage
- Named; slowly the poison drips from the bodies of the mares,
- Horse rage, which is often neglected and cruel women
- Search and mix in herbs and ominous words.
- Translation by Johann Heinrich Voss
In a tale of Greek mythology , Glaucus , the son of Sisyphus , is devoured by his horses at the funeral games for Pelias , the father of Akastus, during the chariot race, because Aphrodite made them wild with Hippomanes.
- dictionary of German superstitions, Vol. 4, p. 73
- Pliny the Elder Naturalis historia 8, 165
- Solinus 45, 17
- Iuvenal 6, 133
- Virgil Aen. 4, 515
- Pliny Naturalis historia 8,66 (165). Cf. also Agrippa von Nettesheim Oculta Philosophia I 42
- Tibullus 2, 4, 58
- Properz 4, 5, 18
- Virgil Georgica 3,267
- Hyginus Fab. 250