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Hvalfell in winter

Hvalfell in winter

height 852  m
location West of Iceland
Coordinates 64 ° 23 ′ 0 ″  N , 21 ° 13 ′ 0 ″  W Coordinates: 64 ° 23 ′ 0 ″  N , 21 ° 13 ′ 0 ″  W
Hvalfell (Iceland)
Type Tabular volcano (extinct)
Age of the rock 15,000 years
Snow-covered Hvalfell in the background of the Botnsdalur

Snow-covered Hvalfell in the background of the Botnsdalur

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The Hvalfell is a volcanic mountain, more precisely a Tuya, to the west of Iceland next to the fjord Hvalfjörður . It is located in the east of the municipality of Hvalfjarðarsveit . Its volume is given by Eason et al. (2015) estimated at 2.9 km 3 .


The name of the mountain means Walberg in German and can be traced back to a folk legend according to which a whale perished there after it had climbed the Glymur waterfall due to an enchantment.


Hvalfell is located east of the Hvalfjörður fjord and in the interior of the Botnsdalur valley . The extinct volcano Botnssúlur is located in the southeast of the Hvalfell. To the east of the Hvalfell is the lake Hvalvatn , which flows over the Botnsá into the Hvalfjörður . It falls about 200 m into the depth. This waterfall is the second highest waterfall in Iceland and is called Glymur .


It is an extinct tabular volcano from the last ice age . It formed in later phases of the Ice Age and closed the Botnsdalur to the east, which had previously been a lot longer, through eruptions that began under a glacier but then continued in the air. Lake Hvalvatn was also formed below the mountain.

Like all table mountains, Hvalfell has very steep slopes.

Hiking on the Hvalfell

You can go to the Hvalfell from Stóra-Botn, z. B. by following the east side of the Botnsá river along the Glymur.

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Eason et al .: Effects of deglaciation on the petrology and eruptive history of the Western Volcanic Zone, Iceland. Bulletin of Volcanology, June 2015, p. 6
  2. a b Íslandshandbókin. Náttúra, saga og sérkenni. 1. bindi. Edited by T. Einarsson, H. Magnússon. Reykjavík (Örn og Örlygur) 1989, p. 80