The IATF 16949 standard combines existing general requirements for quality management systems in the (mostly North American and European) automotive industry. They were developed jointly by the IATF members and published based on EN ISO 9001 .
Around 30 percent of the more than 100 existing automakers agree to the harmonized demands of the nine IATF members ( BMW , Chrysler , Daimler , Fiat , Ford , General Motors , PSA , Renault , VW ) - but the major Asian automakers in particular have differentiated, own demands on the quality management systems of your group and your suppliers.
Many suppliers of original parts ( Original Equipment Manufacturer , short OEM) of the automobile manufacturers were urged by them to implement their quality management system according to the regulations of their own associations, such as
to be set up and certified . For example, a supplier for Daimler and Chrysler had to prove two different certificates (VDA 6.1 for Germany and QS 9000 for America), even though at that time it was delivering to a single car company. This questionability increased the need for harmonization.
Originally, the aim was not only to standardize the general requirements for the quality management system, but also to standardize all other associated standards such as B. statistical requirements. However, it has not yet been possible to find any general solutions, particularly due to country-specific legal requirements. It was decided to only supplement ISO 9001: 1994 with additional automotive requirements and in 1999 the first edition of ISO / TS 16949 was published. Since ISO 9001 has fundamentally changed with its version from 2000, ISO / TS 16949: 2002 (also known as TS2 for short) was published. The appearance of ISO 9001: 2008 resulted in the publication of ISO / TS 16949: 2009 (TS3 for short). TS3 is now based on ISO 9001: 2008 and does not contain any new TS requirements.
The American AIAG withdrew its own standard, QS 9000, on December 14, 2006 due to the publication of these harmonized requirements.
In October 2016 the "16949" based on ISO 9001: 2015 was no longer published as ISO / TS, but as IATF 16949: 2016 and distributed by the individual associations.
Content of the standard
The aim of the standard is to effectively improve the system and process quality in order to increase customer satisfaction, to recognize errors and risks in the production process and the supply chain, to eliminate their causes and to check the effectiveness of corrective and preventive measures. The focus is not on discovery, but on avoiding errors.
The eight main chapters of the ISO / TS 16949 (TS3) standard are:
- Cape. 1–3: Foreword and general information
- Cape. 4: Quality management system (general requirements, control of documents and records)
- Cape. 5: Management responsibility
- Cape. 6: Management of resources
- Cape. 7: Product realization
- Cape. 8: Measure, analyze and improve
The process-oriented approach to company processes dealt with in ISO 9001: 2008 is in the foreground of the standard. He sees the company processes in a process landscape in which there are interactions and interfaces that the quality management system must recognize, map and regulate. The interfaces to the outside (to sub-suppliers, customers and to remote supporting locations within the own organization ( remote locations )) must also be defined. The standard differentiates between customer-oriented processes, supporting processes and management processes. This process-oriented approach is intended to improve the understanding that it is not a single process considered in isolation, but the entirety of all interacting company processes that have a decisive influence on the quality performance of a company.
An essential requirement of ISO / TS 16949: 2009 is the fulfillment of customer requirements ( Customer Specific Requirements ), the automobile manufacturers in addition to the quality management system provide their suppliers. This may have contributed significantly to the global recognition of TS by manufacturers.
The 10 chapters of the IATF 16949 ( High Level Structure ) standard are:
- Cape. 0–3: Introduction, scope, normative references, terms
- Cape. 4: context of the organization
- Cape. 5: leadership
- Cape. 6: planning
- Cape. 7: support
- Cape. 8: Operation
- Cape. 9: Assessment of performance
- Cape. 10: improvement
The IATF16949: 2016 can be applied across the entire supply chain of the automotive industry. Certification takes place on the basis of the certification specifications (rules) issued by the IATF (International Automotive Task Force ) . The certificate is valid for three years and must be confirmed annually by IATF-certified auditors ( 3rd party auditors ) from accredited certification bodies. This is followed by re-certification for a further three years with renewed annual confirmation.
IATF16949: 2016 must not be viewed as an independent QMS standard, but is to be understood as a supplement to ISO 9001: 2015. Certifications must therefore include both standards.
Certification may only be carried out by bodies that have been approved by the IATF (so-called certification bodies).
A certificate according to IATF16949: 2016 is intended to establish the (potential) customer's trust in the system and process quality of a (possible) supplier. Today, a supplier without a valid certificate has little chance of supplying a first-line automotive supplier ( Tier 1 supplier ) and certainly not an automotive manufacturer ( OEM ) with series parts.
Certification according to the previous standard ISO / TS 16949 was only possible until September 2017. Since October 1, 2017, certifiers are only allowed to carry out audits and issue certificates according to the new IATF 16949 standard. This applies to initial audits, surveillance audits and recertification audits. The previous certificates according to ISO / TS 16949 lose their validity after September 14, 2018, as the basic standard ISO 9001: 2008 will also be withdrawn on this date.
- IATF 16949: 2016. AIAG, October 3, 2016, accessed on March 16, 2018 (English).
- IATF 16949: 2016. IATF 16949: 2016 Requirements for quality management systems for series and spare parts production in the automotive industry 1st edition, October 2016. VDA , accessed on March 16, 2018 .
- IATF 16949: 2016. Preface - QMS standard of the automotive industry. VDA, accessed on March 16, 2018 .
- Under Contract. IATF recognized Certification Bodies are authorized to conduct IATF 16949: 2016 certification activity. IATF , accessed March 16, 2018 .