|International Board on Books for Young People
|Chair:||Ahmad Redza Ahmad Khairuddin|
International Board on Books for Young People (IBBY), German "International Board of Trustees for Young People's Books", is a non-profit organization for the promotion of children's and young people's literature based in Basel .
IBBY aims to promote international understanding through children's literature and give children worldwide access to books with literary and artistic demands, and also create the conditions for the publication and distribution of high-quality children's books, especially in countries where the conditions for this are not yet sufficiently available. Another aim is to provide support and further training for all those interested in children's and young people's literature and to encourage them to study children's literature scientifically.
In 1952 the conference International Understanding through Children's Books , organized by Jella Lepman , took place in Munich . It was there that the idea of the International Board on Books for Young People, which was founded in Zurich in 1953 , was born. The founding members included Erich Kästner , Lisa Tetzner , Astrid Lindgren , Fritz Brunner , Richard Bamberger and Bettina Hürlimann .
IBBY today comprises seventy-two national sections. National sections operate in different organizational forms at national, regional and international level. The German Section has been the working group for youth literature since 1955 . Individual membership in IBBY is possible if there is no national section in the country concerned. IBBY represents countries with highly developed publishing and literary programs as well as countries in which only a few dedicated professionals are trying to establish satisfactory conditions for children's and young adult literature.
Members of the national sections include authors and illustrators, publishers, editors, translators, journalists, critics, kindergarten teachers, teachers, university professors, students, librarians, booksellers, social workers and parents.
The planning and implementation of activities is determined by an Executive Committee which is elected every two years in the General Assembly during the IBBY Congress by the national sections. It consists of the President and ten board members from different countries. The working group for youth literature is currently represented on the IBBY board, the Executive Committee, with Hannelore Daubert (University of Frankfurt).
IBBY is financed from the annual contributions of the national sections and donations.
As a non-governmental organization with official status, IBBY is involved in the preparation of political decisions at UNESCO and UNICEF and acts as an advocate for the children's and youth book sector. The organization feels that it is committed to the principles of the international convention on the rights of children, which was ratified by the United Nations in 1990. One of the most important requirements of this convention is the right of the child to comprehensive education and training and immediate access to information. On the basis of an initiative by IBBY on the occasion of the formulation, this agreement is an appeal to all nations to support the publication and distribution of books for children and young people.
IBBY maintains close contacts with numerous other international organizations and children's book institutions around the world. Every year IBBY is represented at the international children's book fair in Bologna and also takes part in other international book fairs.
Since 1967 IBBY has organized the International Children's Book Day on April 2nd, the birthday of the well-known poet and writer Hans Christian Andersen . This international day of action is intended to support the joy of reading and encourage interest in literature for children and young people.
Every two years IBBY awards the Hans Christian Andersen Prize to a living author and illustrator, whose oeuvre can be seen as a permanent contribution to the development of children's and young people's literature.
Also every two years, IBBY creates a shortlist of exceptional new releases from all over the world, the so-called IBBY Honor List . The acceptance honors authors, illustrators and translators from all IBBY member countries.
In addition, the IBBY Documentation Center of Books for Young People with Disabilities was established at the University of Oslo / Norway in 1985 through the cooperation of IBBY . The documentation service became a separate department in the Institute for Special Education and was headed by Nina Askvig (Reidarson) until she retired in 2002. Then the collection of approx. 4000 media was transferred to the Haug special school center.