Incumbent Local Exchange Carrier
Incumbent local exchange carrier (ILEC; also incumbent LEC ; German: Incumbent operator of local networks ) is the common in the German technical term in the market regulation of telecommunications for already established in a market in market opening telecommunications companies , the exchanges for local networks (Local Exchange) operate . New competitors in the local network are called Competitive Local Exchange Carriers (CLEC) .
In the USA there is a historically grown division into Local Exchange Carriers (LECs; in Germany subscriber network operator , TNB) and IXCs ( Interexchange Carrier , operator of a wide area network for connecting local networks; in Germany, connection network operator , VNB). For both areas there are the incumbents known as "established network operators" and newly established competitors. As a generalization of the situation with local networks in the USA, all established network operators are occasionally, but not according to the wording, referred to as "ILEC", even if, as is common in Europe, they also operate connection networks in addition to local networks . The "incumbent" of telephony in Germany is, for example, Deutsche Telekom .
The ILECs have the monopoly for local loops and the reason for both a former - in their supply areas legal monopoly of state enterprises (see Europe) and also natural monopoly of private sector operators (see USA) can be.
- Law and Legal Definition: Incumbent Local Exchange Carrier (ILEC). US Legal, Inc.
- ILEC - Incumbent Local Exchange Carrier. Public Utility Commission of Texas
- § 51.605 Additional obligations of incumbent local exchange carriers. Legal Information Institute, Cornell University Law School
- Incumbent: Established operator of local networks (mostly the ex-monopoly). In: Masterplan Broadband Schleswig-Holstein , Ministry for Science, Economy and Transport of the State of Schleswig-Holstein, July 31, 2009, p. 120 (glossary). ( online ( Memento of the original from January 2, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this note. )