Innsbruck newspaper archive
The Innsbruck Newspaper Archive for German and Foreign Language Literature (IZA) is a facility of the Institute for German Studies at the University of Innsbruck . Based on a newspaper clippings collection , the beginnings of which go back to the early 1960s, it has developed into a broad-based media archive and has been the largest university documentation and research center for literary criticism , literature communication and mass media in the entire German-speaking area for several years .
On the basis of selected German-language print media (currently 32 daily and weekly newspapers and more than 40 literary and cultural magazines ) as well as the radio and television programs of the public radio and television companies in Germany, Austria and Switzerland, the IZA observes and documents the non-scientific , journalistic literary criticism and literature mediation in these countries.
All times, cultures and languages are taken into account and documented:
- the German-language literature from the Nibelungenlied to the present,
- the cultures of antiquity as well as the literatures of Asia, Africa or America ,
- Contributions to questions of the German spelling reform as well as to the entire field of language criticism . (For details on the collection areas, see the IZA homepage).
The bibliographical information on the individual articles and some of the articles themselves (those approved by the newspaper publishers) can be accessed online on the IZA website. Articles protected by copyright will be made available to users as paper copies upon request and against reimbursement of costs.
The metadata on the articles from German-language literary and cultural magazines and the recordings of radio and television programs, especially on German-language literature (e.g. radio plays , theater recordings , author portraits, literary talk shows, etc.) are also managed via databases and can be accessed via the IZA homepage.
All journals can be viewed in the IZA or the cited articles can be ordered as paper copies from the IZA.
For copyright reasons, the audio and video library can only be used on site.
In 1988, the Austrian Ministry of Science and Research also took care of the documentation center as a research facility for literary criticism and reception research. (Excerpt from the institute's profile): “Reception research is particularly important for the future. H. the continuous observation, description and research of the processes of conveying literature in the multimedia literature business. [...] The genre of literary criticism, traditionally neglected by literary studies, is to be examined for its practical background and its formal and functional peculiarities are to be described and presented. This gives rise to important branches of research such as everyday reception, practice of literary evaluation, reading research or canon formation. "
On March 1, 2007, the Innsbruck newspaper archive started the DILIMAG project in cooperation with the Department for Digitization and Electronic Archiving (DEA) of the University and State Library of Tyrol (ULB) . It is used to record, describe and archive German-language digital literary magazines, especially those from the early days of the Internet. The focus here is on digital, i.e. H. Pure online publications that do not have any print versions, as these in a very special way threaten to get lost in the confusion and short life of the internet. There are three mutually dependent objectives:
- In the academic field: the analysis and commentary on the various forms of presentation of digital literary magazines.
- In the documentary area: a comprehensive survey of the German-language literary magazines that have appeared or appear exclusively on the Internet since the opening of the WWW.
- In the technological area: the systematic archiving of the examined sources in a digital repository.
The IZA emerged from what was originally a private collection of newspaper clippings owned by Michael Klein, who later expanded the official “Innsbruck Newspaper Archive” together with his wife Monika Zelger-Klein and managed it until he left the university in 2004 for reasons of age. His successor is Stefan Neuhaus.
Until the end of September 2000, the newspaper clippings collection of the IZA was kept as a "paper archive"; Since then, the newspaper articles, the "new stock", have been scanned and managed in digitized form as a PDF using a database. In a follow-up project, the “old stock” was also scanned in, so that the entire collection can now be viewed and searched on the IZA website.
The WebCurator is used for the technical implementation of the DILIMAG project . This is a comprehensive application that was commissioned by the International Internet Preservation Consortium and is available as open source software . The collected Internet pages are then displayed in a METS object and stored in the digital repository of the University of Innsbruck.
- Renate Giacomuzzi: Digital literary magazines - a new field for research and archiving . In: Files of the XI. International Germanist Congress in Paris 2005, Yearbook for International German Studies, Vol. 80, pp. 365–374.
- Renate Giacomuzzi: On the DILIMAG archiving project - positions, experiences, problems . In: Florian Hartling / Beat Suter (ed.): Archiving digital literature: Problems - tendencies - perspectives. Frankfurt am Main et al: Peter Lang 2010. (= special issue SPIEL: Siegener Periodicum on International Empirical Literature. Vol. 29 . H. 1 + 2), pp. 235–246.
- Veronika Schmitt: Created for the Internet, preserved for eternity? Archiving: Online literature should not disappear into the depths of the Internet. In: Die Presse May 7, 2008, p. 12.
- Homepage of the IZA
- Article about the Franz Caspers donation to the IZA
- Website for the DILIMAG research project
- "The Innsbruck newspaper archive - a Tyrolean flagship" (Interview with Stefan Neuhaus on research possibilities in the IZA, on the documentation concept and on current research projects, June 2006)
- ↑ dilimag.literature.at Notes on the DILIMAG project; see "About the project"
- ↑ International Internet Preservation Consortium (IIPC) - International consortium with the task of adopting , preserving and making accessible information and knowledge from the Internet for future generations
- ↑ dilimag.literature.at Notes on the DILIMAG project; see "About the project" / "Implementation"
- ↑ dilimag.literature.at Bibliography for the DILIMAG research project
- ↑ diepresse.com - Veronika Schmitt: Created for the Internet, preserved for eternity?