International Legal Commission

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The International Commission of Jurists (Engl. International Commission of Jurists , ICJ) is a non-governmental organization based in Geneva . Members also attend court cases around the world and review them for compliance with international law.

The ICJ was founded in Berlin in 1952 on the occasion of an international congress of lawyers organized by the investigative committee of freedom lawyers . It consists of 60 leading international and human rights experts from around the world. ICJ has over 97 national sections and affiliated legal organizations in 70 countries. It is one of the most renowned international legal organizations . Its members include senior judicial officials from Australia , Canada , South Africa and former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights , Mary Robinson .

The ICJ publishes statements on questions and problems under international law, e.g. B. the interpretation of the general prohibition of violence laid down in the UN Charter, self-defense against an armed attack , position on the decisions of the Security Council (institution, United Nations ). The ICJ is also involved in the debate on extraterritorial state obligations and made a significant contribution to the adoption of the Maastrich Principles in 2011.


The then Secretary General of the Commission Niall MacDermot during the acceptance speech at the 1989 Erasmus Prize

Since its inception, the Legal Commission has received the following awards, among others: The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe awarded the organization the European Human Rights Prize in 1980 . In 1984 she received the Wateler Peace Prize from the Dutch Carnegie Foundation . ICJ received the Erasmus Prize in 1989. In 1993 she was awarded the United Nations Human Rights Prize.

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