United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
|Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
- OHCHR -
|Organization type||Subsidiary organ of the UN General Assembly|
|Headquarters||Geneva , Switzerland|
|Upper organization||United Nations|
The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights ( English United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights , OHCHR , French Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies aux droits de l'homme ) deals with the global situation of human rights and is committed to its global recognition and Compliance a.
The High Commissioner reports directly to the Secretary General of the United Nations assumed and holds the rank of UN Under-Secretary-General ( United Nations Under-Secretary-General ).
As early as the 1940s, there was a human rights department in the New York headquarters. It was moved to Geneva and transformed into the Center for Human Rights in the 1980s .
The office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights is based on Articles 1, 13 and 55 of the Charter of the United Nations . Its creation was decided on the recommendation of the Vienna World Conference on Human Rights of June 1993 on December 20, 1993 at the 48th UN General Assembly with Resolution 48/141; The Chairman of the Working Group on Human Rights, José Ayala Lasso , was appointed the first High Commissioner .
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
The High Commissioner heads the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights , OHCHR (German Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights ), which supports the work of the experts of the UN Human Rights Council. There are 13 country representatives and around 1,300 employees.
About one third of the budget of around US $ 120 million is covered by the regular budget of the United Nations, the rest is financed by donations from governments, non-governmental organizations , foundations and private donors.
The High Commissioner for Human Rights and its subordinate services have the following tasks and objectives:
- They promote the implementation of human rights in practice, express the will of the world community to do so;
- You play the main role in human rights issues and emphasize the importance of human rights at international and national level;
- You promote international cooperation on human rights;
- They promote and coordinate measures to enforce human rights in the United Nations system;
- They promote the worldwide ratification and implementation of international human rights treaties;
- They help develop new standards;
- They support human rights bodies in their work and monitor them;
- They react to serious violations of human rights;
- You coordinate preventive human rights actions;
- They promote the development of national human rights structures;
- You coordinate the area of human rights organizations;
- They provide education, information, advice and technical assistance in the field of human rights.
List of High Commissioners
|No.||Surname||country||Term of office|
|1.||José Ayala Lasso||Ecuador||1994-1997|
|3.||Sérgio Vieira de Mello||Brazil||2002–2003 (†, during the bomb attack on the Canal Hotel in Baghdad on August 19, 2003)|
|-||Bertrand Ramcharan||Guyana||2003-2004 (interim)|
|4th||Louise Arbor||Canada||2004 – June 2008|
|5.||Navanethem Pillay||South Africa||September 2008 – August 2014|
|6th||Be al-Hussein||Jordan||September 2014 – August 2018|
|7th||Michelle Bachelet||Chile||since September 1, 2018|
Cooperation between the High Commissioner and the UN Human Rights Council
In contrast to the state representatives in the UN Human Rights Council and the independent experts in the United Nations Human Rights Committee under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights , the High Commissioner is a senior official of the United Nations, which nominated by the UN Secretary General and the UN General Assembly confirmed becomes.
While the experts of the Human Rights Council for certain tasks, e.g. B. Topics and countries; are appointed, the task of the High Commissioner is to promote and protect all human rights (civil, political, economic, social and cultural) in all parts of the world.
In order to avoid duplication of these activities, there is lively communication between the High Commissioner and the experts of the Human Rights Council.
- Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- Amnesty International
- United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
- Official OHCHR website ( UN languages : Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish)
- UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) Ed .: Humanrights.ch
- Stand up for human rights - UN Human Rights Office (English)
- Michael Thaidigsmann: United Nations. "Black List" published. Human Rights Commissioner Bachelet denounces companies that support settlement construction in the West Bank. In: juedische-allgemeine.de February 13, 2020.
- ↑ Who We Are. Letter history. In: ohchr.org, accessed on January 4, 2019 (for history).
- ↑ Text of Resolution 48/141 on the creation of a High Commissioner for Human Rights .
- ↑ As of January 4, 2019, Who We Are. Letter history. In: ohchr.org, accessed on January 4, 2019 (English); As of December 31, 2013 there were 1085 Who we are. Leadership. (No longer available online.) In: ohchr.org. Archived from the original on February 7, 2015 ; accessed on January 4, 2019 .
- ↑ a b High Commissioners. Michelle Bachelet Jeria. In: ohchr.org, accessed on January 4, 2019.
- ↑ From the beginning of July 2008 the office of the UN Commissioner for Human Rights was vacant. In July 2008, on September 1, 2008, at the proposal of UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, the South African Navanethem Pillay was elected by the General Assembly to succeed Arbor.
Coordinates: 46 ° 12 '53.6 " N , 6 ° 9' 3.2" E ; CH1903: 500630 / 118978