United Nations Economic and Social Council

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Economic and Social Council of the United Nations
United Nations Economic and Social Council

Map with the current member states of the Economic and Social Council
Organization type Principal organ of the
United Nations
Abbreviation ECOSOC
management NorwayNorway Mona Juul
(since July 25, 2019)
status active
Founded 1945
Headquarters New York City , New York , United States alternating annually with Geneva , Switzerland
United StatesUnited States 

Upper organization United NationsU.N. United Nations
ECOSOC website
The hall of the UN Economic and Social Council

The Economic and Social Council of the United Nations ( English Economic and Social Council , ECOSOC ; French Conseil économique et social de l'ONU ) is one of the six main organs of the United Nations , based in New York City . In addition to his duties within the United Nations, he coordinates the activities of the 17 specialized agencies . The council also receives and handles reports from 11 UN funds and programs.

With the UN General Assembly , the Economic and Social Council with 54 member states is involved in economic and social areas. Concrete tasks are the raising of the general standard of living in the world, the formulation of proposed solutions for international economic, social and health problems, the promotion of international cooperation in culture and education as well as the promotion of human rights . In accordance with its tasks, the seats in the Council are distributed in such a way that the developing countries are represented with a disproportionately large number of seats. 14 members represent the African, 11 the Asian, 6 the Eastern European, 10 the Latin American-Caribbean regional group and 13 the group of Western European and other countries . Every year ⅓ of the 54 members are re-elected for a term of three years, with immediate re-election not being excluded. The President of the Economic and Social Council is elected annually by a simple majority among the members. The Council meets alternately in New York and Geneva each July . The Norwegian Ambassador Mona Juul has been the 75th President of ECOSOC since July 25, 2019 .


The working meeting of the Economic and Social Council is held once a year in July for a period of four weeks. The meeting location alternates between New York and Geneva, which alternate every year. The conference consists of different segments:

  • High-level segment: This is where ministers, directors and high-ranking officials of international institutions as well as representatives of civil society and the private sector meet to discuss current issues on the international agenda in the field of economic, social and environmental development. At the end of the segment, a ministerial declaration is issued each year, which mostly contains political guidelines and recommendations
  • Coordination segment
  • Operating activities segment
  • Humanitarian Affairs Segment
  • General segment

Since the 2005 World Summit there are two new segments:

  • Annual review at ministerial level
  • Forum for Development Cooperation


The current (as of January 2020) members of the Economic and Social Council are:

Africa (14) Asia (11) Eastern Europe (6) Latin America and the Caribbean (10) Western Europe and rest of the world (13)
GhanaGhana Ghana Malawi Morocco Sudan Togo
IndiaIndia India Japan Philippines
BelarusBelarus Belarus EcuadorEcuador Ecuador El Salvador Mexico Uruguay
El SalvadorEl Salvador 
GermanyGermany Germany France Ireland Spain Turkey
EgyptEgypt Egypt Angola Ethiopia Kenya Mali
IranIran Iran Pakistan Saudi Arabia Turkmenistan
Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia 
ArmeniaArmenia Armenia Ukraine
BrazilBrazil Brazil Jamaica Paraguay
CanadaCanada Canada Luxembourg Netherlands United States
United StatesUnited States 
BeninBenin Benin Botswana Gabon Democratic Republic of the Congo
Congo Democratic RepublicDemocratic Republic of Congo 
BangladeshBangladesh Bangladesh People's Republic of China South Korea Thailand
China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China 
Korea SouthSouth Korea 
LatviaLatvia Latvia Montenegro Russia
ColombiaColombia Colombia Nicaragua Panama
AustraliaAustralia Australia Finland Norway Switzerland

The term of office of the states represented in the Economic and Social Council ends on December 31 of the specified year.

Subordinate bodies and committees

Expert commissions
Statistical Commission Statistical Commission
Commission for Population and Development Commission on Population and Development ( CPD )
Social Development Commission Commission for Social Development ( CsocD )
United Nations Forest Forum United Nations Forum on Forests ( UNFF )
United Nations Commission on the Status of Women Commission on the Status of Women ( CSW )
Narcotics Commission Commission on Narcotic Drugs ( CND )
Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
Science and Technology for Development Commission Commission on Science and Technology for Development ( CSTD )
Commission for Sustainable Development (until September 2013, replaced by HLPF) Commission on Sustainable Development ( CSD )
High-level Political Forum for Sustainable Development (from September 2013) High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development ( HLPF )
Ad hoc bodies
Commission of Government Experts on Energy and Sustainable Development Ad hoc open-ended intergovernmental group of experts on energy and sustainable development
Open ad hoc working group on computer science Ad hoc Open-ended Working Group on Informatics
Regional commissions
Economic Commission for Africa Economic Commission for Africa ( ECA )
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific ( ESCAP )
Economic Commission for Europe Economic Commission for Europe ( ECE )
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean ( ECLAC )
Economic and Social Commission for West Asia Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia ( ESCWA )
Standing committees
Program and Coordination Committee Committee for Program and Coordination
Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations
Negotiation Committee with Intergovernmental Organizations Committee on Negotiations with Intergovernmental Agencies
Government Expert Committees
United Nations Expert Group on Geographical Names United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names
Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods and on the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals
Other expert committees
Development Policy Committee Committee for Development Policy
United Nations Committee of Experts on Public Administration
Ad hoc group of experts on international cooperation in tax matters Ad Hoc Group of Experts on International Cooperation in Tax Matters
Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
Permanent forum on indigenous affairs Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
Other bodies
International Narcotics Control Office International Narcotics Control Board
Board of Trustees of the International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women
Committee for the United Nations Population Award
Program Coordinating Board of the Joint United Nations Program on HIV / AIDS

Consultation status of non-governmental organizations

In accordance with Article 71 of the UN Charter , non-governmental organizations can be granted consultation status with the Economic and Social Council . To do this, they must fulfill six principles: support for the goals of the UN, democratic form of organization, non-profit concept, non-violence, the principle of non-interference in state affairs and independence from intergovernmental agreements. At the end of 1997, 1,400 organizations had consultative status, in 2010 there were already 3,382 and in 2018 around 5,000 organizations. The organizations can then participate in and contribute to international conferences and events.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. https://www.un.org/ecosoc/en/president-ecosoc accessed on October 31, 2019
  2. See background information on the website of the Economic and Social Council
  3. See list of members on the website of the Economic and Social Council
  4. Institutional framework ( Memento of May 13, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), Science and Politics Foundation (SWP)
  5. High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development ( Memento from April 23, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB)
  6. ^ Charter of the United Nations, Chapter X, The Economic and Social Council .
  7. a b United Nations : Working with ECOSOC - an NGOs Guide to Consultative Status . Brochure, 2011.
  8. ^ United Nations : List of non-governmental organizations in consultative status with the Economic and Social Council as of September 1, 2014 . E / 2014 / INF / 5.
  9. ^ Christiane Lemke: International Relations: Basic Concepts, Theories and Problem Areas . Political science textbooks and manuals. Walter de Gruyter, 2018, ISBN 978-3-1105-8958-0 ( books.google.de ).