Isla Santa Catalina (Mexico)
|Isla Santa Catalina|
|Waters||Gulf of California|
|Geographical location||25 ° 39 ′ N , 110 ° 47 ′ W|
|Highest elevation||470 m|
Santa Catalina is an island in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur , located in the southern Gulf of California .
The island is located about 40 kilometers east of the Lower California peninsula , about 20 km east of the neighboring island of Monserrat and about 120 km west of the Mexican state of Sinaloa .
Santa Catalina is 13 km long, up to four kilometers wide and has an area of around 39 km². The island is uninhabited, mountainous and reaches a height of 470 m above sea level. Santa Catalina is part of the Bahía de Loreto National Park, founded in 1996, as well as - with 243 other islands - the UNESCO World Heritage "Islands and Protected Areas in the Gulf of California" ( Spanish Islas y áreas protegidas del Golfo de California ).
Flora and fauna
Due to the desert climate , the vegetation on Santa Catalina is extremely sparse and consists mainly of cacti and bushes.
As with many other islands in the Gulf of California, Santa Catalina is home to some endemic animal species. These include u. a.
- the Catalina deer mouse ( Peromyscus slevini )
- the Santa Catalina desert iguana Dipsosaurus dorsalis catalinensis
- the Santa Catalina rail lizard Cnemidophorus tigris catalinensis
- the Santa Catalina rattlesnake Crotalus catalinensis (the only rattlesnake that does not " rattle ", i.e. has no tail rattle )
- Photos from the national park, including some from Santa Catalina
- TV report (Mark O'shea) about the fauna of Santa Catalina and neighboring islands
- Map of the national park with Santa Catalina to the east
- ↑ UNEP Islands Directory (English)
- ↑ Proclamation of the Parque Nacional Bahia de Loreto ( Memento of the original dated November 1, 2004 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF, Spanish)
- ↑ Entry on the website of the UNESCO World Heritage Center ( English and French ).