Iván T. Berend

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Iván Tibor Berend (born December 11, 1930 in Budapest ) is a Hungarian historian who has lived in the USA since 1990.


Berend, who grew up in a Jewish family in Hungary, was committed to forced labor in Nazi Germany as a teenager. In the final phase of the Second World War he was imprisoned in the Dachau concentration camp . After the end of the war, Berend studied history and economics in Budapest. After a double doctorate (economics and history) and habilitation (1962), he taught from 1964 to 1991 as a professor at the Institute for Economic History at the Technical and Economic University of Budapest . From 1985 to 1990 he was also President of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences . Since 1990 Berend has taught as a Distinguished Professor in the Department of History at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). There he headed the Center for European and Eurasian Studies from 1993 to 2005 . He retired in May 2015 at the age of 84.

Berend is one of the most renowned specialists in the economic history of Europe in the 19th and 20th centuries.


  • An Economic History of Nineteenth-Century Europe , Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
  • Europe Since 1980 , Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
  • From the Soviet Bloc to the European Union. The Economic and Sociel Transformation of Central and Eastern Europe Since 1973 , Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
  • Market and economy. Economic orders and economic development in Europe since the 18th century , Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 2007.
  • An Economic History of 20th Century Europe. Economic Regimes from the Laissez-Faire to Globalization , Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
  • History Derailed: Central and Eastern Europe in the 'Long' 19th Century , Berkeley-Los Angeles; University of California Press, 2003.
  • (with György Ránki) Studies on Central and Eastern Europe in the 20th Century: Regional Crises and the Case of Hungary , Aldershot, Hampshire: Ashgate. 2002.
  • (with Tamás Csató) Evolution of the Hungarian Economy 1848-1998 . Boulder, Col .: Social Science Monographs. 2001.
  • Decades of Crisis: Central and Eastern Europe Before World War II . Berkeley-Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1998.
  • (Ed.) Long-Term Structural Changes in Transforming Central and Eastern Europe , Munich: Südosteuropa-Gesellschaft, 1997.
  • Central and Eastern Europe 1944-1993: Detour from the Periphery to the Periphery , Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
  • (Ed.) Transition to a Market Economy at the End of the 20th Century - Transition to a Market Economy at the End of the 20th Century , Munich: Südosteuropa-Gesellschaft, 1994.
  • Hungarian Economic Reforms 1953-1988 . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
  • The Crisis Zone of Europe . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1986.
  • (with György Ránki) The Hungarian Economy in the Twentieth Century . Beckenham: Croom Helm, 1985
  • (with György Ránki) The European Periphery and Industrialization 1780-1914 . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1982.
  • (with György Ránki) Underdevelopment and Economic Growth . Budapest: Akademiai Kiado, 1979
  • (with György Ránki) Hungary - a Century of Economic Development . Newton Abbot: David and Charles, Barnes and Noble, 1974.
  • (with György Ránki) Economic Development of East-Central Europe in the 19th and 20th Centuries . New York: Columbia University Press, 1974.

Awards and honors


  • Iván T. Berend: History in My Life. A Memoir in Three Areas , Budapest: Central European University Press, 2009.

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