Jacob Denner

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jacob Denner (* 1681 ; † 1735 ) is the son and successor of the Nuremberg woodwind instrument maker Johann Christoph Denner , who was already highly valued during his lifetime .

At Jacob Denner, the manual emphasis on the flute sector shifts towards the transverse flute. Initially, Jacob built the three-part French shape of his early transverse flutes (see e.g. his ivory flute in the Germanic National Museum in Nuremberg), but later divided the long centerpiece. As a result, he was one of the first in Germany to be able to offer his customers interchangeable parts that made it possible to adapt to different pitch pitches with a flute. He probably took over this invention from the Parisian instrument manufacturer Naust . The flutes are drilled much further than the well-known Grenser instruments and their replicas are authentic for the flute music of Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750).

Jacob Denner also built recorders that are in various museums or are privately owned. T. be recreated in larger series. The treble recorder from the Musikhistorisk Museum in Copenhagen is considered Denner's best preserved instrument.

Like his father, Jacob Denner was also known across national borders for the extraordinary quality of his instruments. This also helped him to be admitted as an extraordinary master in Nuremberg, contrary to the strict rules of the Rugsamt, without years of traveling and master craftsman examination. Since Nuremberg was in the middle of old Europe, Vienna and Amsterdam were equally easy to reach via trade routes and waterways. Today there is little evidence of the once flourishing musical instrument making in Nuremberg.

A somewhat strange instrument from Jacob Denner's workshop is the late form of a Pomeranian . It is more likely a simplified oboe with a lintel instead of the bell. It was conceived for volume or timbre reasons rather than historical interest.

Denner transverse flute

In the late autumn of 1991 a conspicuous, apparently once valuable wooden box was found in the attic of an old house intended for demolition near Nuremberg. It contained a flute that had apparently been in it untouched for the past two hundred years.

The flute is made of boxwood, which was originally stained almost black with nitric acid. All parts bear Jacob Denner's stamp: a curved banner with the name "I Denner" in it and underneath a Christmas tree with the letters "I" and "D" to the left and right of the trunk. No other Jacob Denner's transverse flute has been preserved with so many middle pieces, and we don't know of any other flute that makes it a flûte d'amour.

The different discolorations of the dark stained middle pieces show that in the 18th century the flute was played almost exclusively with the shortest middle piece, i.e. at a pitch of approx. A '= 422 Hz.

The flute is playable; it has an unusually full and lush, dark and colorful tone.

According to experts, it is the best and most completely preserved flute of the early 18th century. The Foundation for Art and Culture of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia managed to buy the instrument. It is available for music research and is used for concerts and recordings.

The Denner transverse flute plays a role in Ralf Isau's novel The Dark One.


  1. The most spectacular transverse flute in the world - the Denner flute at http://www.mdg.de