Johann Christoph Denner

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Johann Christoph Denner (born August 13, 1655 in Leipzig , † April 20, 1707 in Nuremberg ) was a German musical instrument maker and is considered the inventor of the clarinet .


Johann Christoph Denner was the first instrument maker to successfully manufacture the newer types of woodwind instruments , such as those developed in France after 1650, in German-speaking countries, in particular the oboe derived from the shawm (pommer) , but also the recorder . According to Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr (1677–1750), he invented the clarinet around 1700, according to other information on January 14, 1690, by expanding the chalumeau so that it could be overblown, which was previously not possible, and so on received a range appropriate to contemporary music. The tones created by overblowing were given the name "clarin register" because of their sound, which was reminiscent of that of the baroque trumpet (the style of playing the baroque trumpet was the "clarin game", i.e. the development of the scale from natural tones). This gave rise to the name "clarinette" for the instrument. The clarinet did not establish itself in practical music until around 1740, but it soon became one of the most important instruments in all orchestras.

Denner founded a musical instrument factory, which experienced a major boom among his sons, including Jacob Denner (1681–1735).


Individual evidence